Cloze sentence worksheets

Cloze sentence worksheets DEFAULT

12 Days of Christmas - spelling numbers 1 to 20

A fun starter or plenary activity for the Christmas season to revise spelling of cardinal numbers. The worksheet contains a version of the traditional Christmas lyrics with all the cardinal numbers replaced by gaps for students to complete, thus gaining practice in spelling the numbers 1 to 12, as required by Cambridge Progression Entry Level 1 Sentence Unit. Students are then prompted to write the remaining numbers up to 20, as required by Cambridge Progression Entry Level 2 Sentence Unit.


Entry Level 2

Entry Level 1



ESOL Ww/E2.1a

ESOL Ww/E1.1a

ESOL Rw/E2.2a

Stoptober maths - the cost of smoking

I have created this to enable learners to estimate and calculate and to emphasis the (financial) costs of smoking.
Editor’s note
With Functional maths mapping.






Functional Maths - numbers and the number system


Health, Social care, Early years

Times tables grids

This is a set of part-blanked times tables grids for students to complete and use as a resource. Used with Entry level students. Includes 10×10 and 12×20 grids, with full and gap versions.

Editor’s note
Can be printed and completed on paper, or used on-screen.


Entry Level 2

Entry Level 3

Level 1






Functional Maths - numbers and the number system



Entry Level 2

Entry Level 1


General literacy / English

Functional Skills English


History, culture, museums, libraries

Homophones and confusables worksheet

Students fill in the blanks using the words given, and then they can use them in their own sentences. Very common words that I notice my students have trouble with.


AL Ww/L2.1 Spell technical words

Functional English - writing

AL Ww/L1.1 Spell & use spelling strategies


ESOL Writing: word focus (spelling and handwriting)

Olympics London 2012 project

A lovely unit of work from Australia. Designed to be used during and after the games.
Cloze exercise, web research, discussion and self-evaluation.

Editor’s note
Apologies, the resource file had gone missing! Re-attached Dec 9, 2013



General literacy / English

Functional Skills English


Finding and selecting information

Youth Clubs

Predicting words from context in a text about youth clubs. It then opens up discussion for how they might help reduce youth crime.

Editor’s note: cloze exercise with opportunities for writing / commenting. With answer sheet.


Colour match activities

Set of four graduated activities for preEntry up to Entry Level 2 ideal for mixed ability literacy and ESOL groups. Colour word cards provided.
Match identical pictures (Milestones 6-7)
Match or write colour words to pictures (Milestone 8 – Entry 1)
Simple cloze activity (E1-E2)





Entry Level 1

Entry Level 2


AL Ww/E1.2

AL Rw/E1.1 Have limited, meaningful sight vocabulary of words, signs, symbols

Rs/E2.3 check plausible meanings of sentences when decoding unfamiliar words

Rs/E2.2 Use sentence structure to decipher and predict meaning

Rs/E1.1 Read and recognise simple sentence structures


pE Rw/M6.1

pE Rw/M6.2

pE Rw/M7.3

pE Rw/M8.3


ESOL Ww/E1.2b

ESOL Rw/E1.1a

ESOL Rs/E2.1c Use sentence context to decode unknown words

ESOL Rs/E2.1b Use knowledge of simple and compound sentence structure to work out meaning

ESOL Rs/E1.1a Read and recognise simple sentence structures:


Entry Level 2

Entry Level 1


General literacy / English

Functional Skills English


Retail Hospitality Customer service

My busy day (housework) v2 lower level activity

This is a lower-level version of ‘My Busy Day’ Housework by Laurence Fletcher (see below) for a basic literacy for ESOL class. Also suitable for M8-E1 literacy.
Reading comprehension, simplified cloze and sentence exercises.


AL Rt/E1.1 Read short familiar texts

Rs/E1.1 Read and recognise simple sentence structures



ESOL Rt/E1.1a Follow a short narrative on a familiar topic or experience

ESOL Rs/E1.1a Read and recognise simple sentence structures:


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Cloze is most often used with upper-elementary and older students, and its most common form is a worksheet. However, cloze activities come in many forms and can also be used to help younger learners make use of context clues.

Guess the covered word

Pat Cunningham, in The Teacher’s Guide to the Four Blocks (1999) describes a “Guess the Covered Word” activity that can be used to explore onset and rime, use context clues for comprehension building and strengthen vocabulary. For new readers, onset and rime provide an analogy by which to learn to spell and read words. A teacher of students in primary grades would use Guess the Covered Word using onset and rime along with context clues to figure out the missing word.

First, the teacher writes one or more sentences on the board, on sentence strips, or on the overhead. Next, the teacher uses two sticky notes to cover selected words. One sticky note is used to cover the onset of the word and the other sticky note is used to cover the rime. Some teachers make the distinction between the onset and rime more definitive by using different colored sticky notes; one color sticky note would always be used for word onset and another color always used for word rime.

A student or the teacher would then read the sentence or group of sentences. Some teachers like to have a student read the whole passage just saying “blank” whenever a covered word is encountered so the students get a feel for what the passage is about in general. If this is done, a reader should then go back and read just the first sentence again for the group’s consideration of the missing word in just that first sentence.

Students then volunteer their ideas for what the covered word might be by using context clues. The teacher records the ideas on the board or chart paper. The teacher then uncovers the sticky note that hides the onset. Words that have been guessed by students that do not match the uncovered onset are crossed out. Students may make more “guesses.” The teacher and students discuss which words make sense in the space and which begin with the same onset. The covered word can then be completely revealed. .

Using PowerPoint

Another way to create an interactive cloze for a large or small group of students is to use Power Point. This is best used when there is a small amount of text as in the above example for “Guess the Covered Word.”

To make a cloze on Power Point, prepare slides with appropriate sentences by typing in the text. Then, the background color of the slide is selected. The word that will be hidden from view should be highlighted and made to be the same color as the background of the slide. This will create a blank space in the text. What is helpful about typing in the word and then “blanking” it out is that students can use the length of the blank as a clue to what the word might be.

Next, go to “Custom Animation” and select “choose effect.” Choose the “brush in” effect. The brush in in on animation will sweep over the text, changing the color. This will make the “blanked out” word appear as if by magic!

Cloze for independent readers

To make an interactive cloze activity for students who are independent readers, a cloze activity can be made on the computer. Cloze activities made with a program such as Hot Potatoes can be created to allow for hint giving to students. Much like “Guess the Covered Word,” Hot Potatoes can offer students one letter at a time hints for determining a word. Complex ideas and challenging vocabulary can be incorporated into such activities for students.

For students in upper elementary grades through high school, cloze will be best used as an individual activity or perhaps in student learning pairs as the length of the text is much longer than a whole group discussion would allow.

Quick cloze

Teachers of students in kindergarten through twelfth grade may use a book that a student is reading (a basal or self selected chapter book) to create a quick cloze activity. Sticky notes can be cut so that just the sticky strip is used to cover words within books or passages. This strategy works well for small groups of readers as a mini-lesson for context clues. This particular activity does not require lots of teacher preparation time and is an authentic way to tuck skills learning into meaningful text reading.

For further explanation:

  1. Directv payment extension online
  2. Ultra4 racing
  3. Scale aviation modeller international
  4. Dr farhat hashmi lectures
  5. Heart touching image

5 ESL Cloze Activities to Make Vocabulary Stick All Year Long

Make your cloze activities jump off the page and come alive!

With cloze exercises at the base, your students can explore historical events, practice their restaurant lingo and even get the inside scoop on the terms that are much needed when traveling.

When expanded past traditional worksheets, cloze activities can spark creativity in your eager students and be implemented as pair and group work as well.

So unleash the power of cloze activities today with these five practical vocabulary-focused lessons.

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

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What Makes Cloze Activities Great for English Learners?

Cloze activities can be fun and informative in various and challenging ways. The simplest of cloze activities can reinforce vocabulary, grammar and sentence structure, and offer valuable practical uses as well.

Introducing topics with great videos from the FluentU program can also be a fantastic way to prime students for their close activity.

FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

Because of this, they’ll learn heaps of in-context vocabulary to be well prepared for the upcoming worksheet! With the option of summarising with flashcards and additional quizzes, you’ll be able to solidify the students’ vocabulary even further!

Here are a few benefits that cloze activities offer when implemented into your well-developed lesson plan.

  • New material is gently introduced. ESL cloze activities are great outlets for introducing new material and learning new words. If you wanted to teach a historical event, for example, you could use cloze activities to present this new event to your students, while at the same time introducing new vocabulary.
  • Students learn vocabulary in context. Your students may know a word very well, but they may not know the many ways in which they can use that specific word. Through cloze activities, you can use vocabulary that you’ve been working on during the previous week or month to give your students a chance to recall what they learned and check comprehension.
  • Practice can be applied to real life. Seeing these new ways to use certain words also reinforces the practical uses of the content. For example, a cloze activity about being at a restaurant will allow your students to use common restaurant vocabulary in a useful way. Menu, entree, sous chef, sommelier and appetizer are all useful in real-life English situations. You can build on this by creating a restaurant atmosphere in your classroom and put to work what your students learned.

Now let’s take a look at five practical and fun cloze activities you can use in your ESL classroom.

1. Holiday Vocabulary Building

Holidays are big events in any culture, and knowing the vocabulary surrounding those holidays is often important for communicating effectively. Holiday-themed lessons are also fun for your students, and are a great chance for everyone to share cultural differences and similarities. For this particular example, we’re focusing on Thanksgiving.

In your holiday cloze activity, you will need to focus on the mainstream words used, and try not to get too in-depth right away; simple things first. Start with a warm-up worksheet with single sentences rather than entire paragraphs.

“Parades” may be a relatively new word for your students, for example. So you can give them a short sentence like “Every Thanksgiving there is a ___ in New York City.” Have a few of these short warm-up sentences to get your students moving in the right direction. You can also find a few excellent Thanksgiving cloze activities online and also use the below example for your next class.

Here’s a sample cloze exercise about Thanksgiving:

Word Bank: feast, turkey, parade, football, cranberry, pumpkin pie, thanks

Thanksgiving is a special time of year when families come together and give ___ for all they have.

There is a popular ___ in New York, and you can also enjoy the ___ games on TV.

Thanksgiving dinner is a ___ that includes ___, potatoes, ____ sauce and much more.

There are also many desserts after Thanksgiving dinner, including the most popular ___.

Once your students have successfully completed this short cloze exercise, you can go over the answers and discuss any issues you may find. Then have each student read their cloze to the class to reinforce the new words and context.

2. Seasonal Sentences

As many of you “seasoned” teachers may already know, discussing the different seasons is important for your conversing class. There are so many cases when ESL students want to explain a time of year in a story or detailed explanation, but may not possess the right words. It may appear easy for your students, but they may not know or fully comprehend the wealth of words associated with each season. This is a wonderful opportunity to build context for words which students may not fully embrace.

For example, “fall” is not always associated with autumn for some students. You can also employ a bit of native English slang, such as “dumping snow,” “raining cats and dogs,” “scorching” and “drizzle.” This may open up a new way for your students to describe seasons.

The ESL skills that you may want to focus on in this cloze activity are new vocabulary, practical use, communication, grammar and pair work. You can find great examples of seasonal cloze activities online like this one, which covers an overall picture of seasonal vocabulary.

Here is an example cloze activity for the winter season:

Word Bank: season, skating, skiing, year, snowmen, sled, cold, snow, Christmas, winter

After the fall ___ ends, winter begins.

Depending on where you are, it can be very ___, and ___ may fall in large amounts.

This is a wonderful time of ___ for kids. They build ___ and ___ down hills with friends and family.

During the ___ season, many people celebrate a special holiday called ___.

Winter is also the time of year for ___ and also ___ on ice.

Once your students have completed this short cloze exercise, have them pair up and compare answers. Then have each pair discuss what they do in the winter season for fun, helping them build essential communication skills.

3. Initiating Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs can sometimes be tricky for your students, but with practice, they will stick. Students may already know how to transform verbs into their irregular forms, but using them in a sentence and paragraph may pose as challenging. For this reason, cloze activities can work well for reinforcing irregular verbs and the way native English speakers use them in everyday speech.

First, warm your students up with the basics. Have them transform verbs into their irregular forms by going around the class. Use the infinitives of verbs that will be in your cloze activity, along with a few new ones to keep things challenging. You can also find excellent printable worksheets online like these.

Here is a fun irregular verb cloze activity:

Word Bank: began, sat, met, ran, was, thought, bought

Since she is training for a marathon, Sally ___ around her local park before she ___ with her friend Caroline.

While running, she ___ about the gift she had ___ Caroline yesterday. Sally ___ excited to give it to her.

When Sally arrived at the coffee shop, Caroline was sitting at a table, so she ___ down next to her and they ___ to talk.

After your students complete this short cloze activity, let them use the same irregular verbs and construct their own paragraph. You can pair them up or put them in groups, allowing them to collaborate.

4. Essential Restaurant Vocabulary

Dining out is a big part of travel, and if/when they do so, most English students will want to try the local cuisines of the country they visit. In many ways, food is a way to experience a new culture and your students will need the vocabulary to tackle such delicious assimilations.

There are lots of excellent resources online for printable restaurant cloze activities, which can build communication, vocabulary and grammar through practical use.

Here is a short restaurant cloze activity:

Word Bank: main, dinner, cook, takeout, Italian, meal, spaghetti, dine out, order, appetizer

Most days I eat ___ at 7 in the evening.

I normally ___ dinner myself, but when I don’t have time I order ___ from an ___ restaurant not far from my home.

My favorite ___ to order from there is ___.

If I do ___, I ___ a small ___ before my ___ course.

Once your students have filled out the worksheet, have them get into groups and develop a short script using the words in the cloze activity. They can then act out their scripts in front of the other groups, making the activity more fun and bringing restaurant vocabulary to life.

5. Historical Events and Vocabulary

Covering historical events in your classroom is a fun way to discuss topics that your students may be currently studying in school or are interested in. Depending on what country your students are from, incorporating local culture into your cloze activities will spark a bit more interest. You can follow up with a historical event of your own country in order to share cultural similarities and differences later.

Historical cloze activities will allow your students to pick up the English words and phrases they will need to explain events that have happened in their home country. They may want to share the rich history of their country in English with foreign colleagues, friends or even you, their teacher.

Here is an example cloze activity that discusses the Titanic:

Word Bank: ocean, United States, iceberg, set, Atlantic, sink, amenities, lifeboats, ship, famous, starring, luxury

The Titanic was a massive ___ liner that ___ sail from England to the ___ in 1912.

The ship was noted as a ___ cruise ship that had many ___ for passengers.

One day it hit an ___ in the ___ Ocean and began to ___ rapidly.

Passengers had to rush to ___ in order to escape the sinking ___.

There was also a ___ movie made about the Titanic ___ Leonardo DiCaprio.

After your students have filled out the worksheet, open the floor for discussion about the historic event. You may even want to go deeper into the story or even watch a few clips from a movie covering the historic event. This cloze activity promotes writing, reading, discussion, grammar and vocabulary building.


Cloze activities do not have to be all about worksheets. You can use the various cloze activities found online as a catalyst for further comprehension of the topic and material.

Pair, group and classroom exercises that involve practical usage, discussion and collaboration will bring the new words to life and create an exciting way to learn. Put these cloze activities to the test and spark practical use in your classroom.

And One More Thing...

If you're looking for creative ways to teach English, then you'll love using FluentU in your classroom!

It's got a huge collection of authentic English videos that people in the English-speaking world actually watch regularly. There are tons of great choices there when you're looking for songs for in-class activities.

You'll find music videos, musical numbers from cinema and theater, kids' singalongs, commercial jingles and much, much more.


On FluentU, all the videos are sorted by skill level and are carefully annotated for students.

Words come with example sentences and definitions. Students will be able to add them to their own vocabulary lists, and even see how the words are used in other videos.


For example, if a student taps on the word "searching," they'll see this:


Plus, these great videos are all accompanied by interactive features and active learning tools for students, like multimedia flashcards and fun games like "fill in the blank."


It’s perfect for in-class activities, group projects and solo homework assignments. Not to mention, it's guaranteed to get your students excited about learning English!

Sign up for a free trial and bring FluentU to your classroom today.

Stephen Seifert is a writer, editor, professor of English and adventurer. With over 7 years of teaching experience to students worldwide, he enjoys the many aspects of culture and traditions different from his own. Stephen continues his search for writing inspiration, boldly enjoying life to the fullest.

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos.

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