Lion headed goddess

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8 Lion-Headed Goddess Statues Found in Egypt

Eight statues of Sekhmet, an Egyptian warrior goddess with a lion's head, were discovered in the Temple of Amenhotep III near the city of Luxor, about 313 miles (504 kilometers) from Cairo.

Three of the black granite statues are nearly complete, with the biggest — representing the goddess sitting on a throne — measured at 6.2 feet (1.9 meters) in length, 1.6 feet (0.5 m) in width and 3.3 feet (1 m) in depth.

Three other partial statues also show the goddess in a seated posture on a throne, while two other statues missing the heads and lower parts portray a standing Sekhmet figure. [Image Gallery: Egypt's Valley of the Kings]

The partially preserved standing figures of Sekhmet hold ankhs — the Egyptian symbol representing life — in their right hands, while their left hands wield papyrus scrolls, according to a statement released on March 15 by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities (EMA).

Warrior goddess

Sekhmet was recognized by the ancient Egyptians as a fierce warrior who battled the enemies of the sun god Ra, one of the most important gods in the Egyptian pantheon. As the pharaoh Amenhotep III was regarded as "the sun king," Sekhmet, known as "the Powerful," was also tasked with protecting his final resting place "for millions of years," the EMA said.

The mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III where the statues were found lies across the Nile River from Luxor, a modern city built atop the ancient metropolis called "Waset" by the Egyptians and known as "Thebes" by the Greeks. Between 1500 and 1000 B.C.E, many of Egypt's leaders, priests and royal scribes were buried in the area, according to the World Monuments Fund (WMF).

Over the years, conservators and archaeologists have discovered and preserved many relics from the vast Amenhotep Temple complex, which the WMF described as measuring "the length of five American football fields" and containing hundreds of sphinxes and free-standing statues.

The eight Sekhmet statues will be displayed to the public in the temple following their cleaning, preservation and documentation.

Follow Mindy Weisberger on Twitter and Google+. Follow us @livescience, Facebook & Google+. Original article on Live Science.

Mindy Weisberger is a senior writer for Live Science covering general science topics, especially those relating to brains, bodies, and behaviors in humans and other animals — living and extinct. Mindy studied filmmaking at Columbia University; her videos about dinosaurs, biodiversity, human origins, evolution, and astrophysics appear in the American Museum of Natural History, on YouTube, and in museums and science centers worldwide. Follow Mindy on Twitter.
Sours: https://www.livescience.com/54108-lion-headed-goddess-statues-discovered.html

Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess

Third Intermediate Period

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This amulet represents a lion-headed goddess on an open worked throne. With her right hand she is holding a sistrum (a musical instrument like a rattle) that is topped by a double ba-bird. Her other hand clenches a papyrus-scepter that symbolizes regeneration and life. A number of lion-headed goddesses are known from ancient Egypt, such as Sakhmet, Bastet, and Wadjet, and it is unclear, which one is represented here. Each side of the throne depicts a lion-headed goddess with a sun disk on her head. Behind her is a snake god with human arms and legs, who is linked to stellar decans. Above the snake’s head and in front of the lion headed goddess are short columns of text that presumably give their names; but unfortunately they are undecipherable. All feline deities are closely connected to the sun god Ra and at the top of the large figure, between her ears, is a small hole that originally must have held a separately manufactured sun disk. The loop at the top of the amulet was meant for suspension. The Egyptians believed that amulets like this one evoked the power of the goddess and put the wearer under her protection.

Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess, Faience

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Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess, Faience
Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess, Faience
Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess, Faience
Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess, Faience

Title:Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess

Period:Third Intermediate Period

Date:1070–664 B.C.

Geography:From Egypt

Medium:Faience

Dimensions:H. 6.8 cm (2 11/16 in.); W. 1.8 cm (11/16 in.); D. 4.2 cm (1 5/8 in.)

Credit Line:Purchase, Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1926

Accession Number:26.7.868

Formerly Carnarvon Collection, purchased in Cairo before 1923. Carnarvon Collection purchased by the Museum from Lady Carnarvon, 1926.

Newberry, Percy E. and H. R. Hall 1922. Catalogue of an Exhibition of Ancient Egyptian Art. London: Burlington Fine Arts Club, p. 71 no. 36 pl. 18.

Arnold, Dorothea 1995. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, new ser., vol. 52, no. 4 (Spring), New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 4, 18, no. 14.

Arnold, Dorothea 2010. "Amulett in Form einer sitzenden Göttin mit Löwenkopf." In Falken, Katzen, Krokodile: Tiere im Alten Ägypten: Aus den Sammlungen des Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, und des Ägyptischen Museums Kairo, edited by Dorothea Arnold. Zurich: Museum Rietberg, pp. 34–35, no. 17.

The Met Collection API is where all makers, creators, researchers, and dreamers can now connect to the most up-to-date data and images for more than 470,000 artworks in The Met collection. As part of The Met’s Open Access program, the data is available for unrestricted commercial and noncommercial use without permission or fee.

Learn more

Sours: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544078
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Sekhmet copyright 2006 Debbie Keys

Sekhmet (Sakhmet) is one of the oldest known Egyptian deities. Her name is derived from the Egyptian word “Sekhem” (which means “power” or “might”) and is often translated as the “Powerful One” or “She who is Powerful”. She is depicted as a lion-headed woman, sometimes with the addition of a sun disc on her head.

Seated statues of Sekhmet show her holding the ankh of life, but when she is shown striding or standing she usually holds a sceptre formed from papyrus (the symbol of northern or Lower Egypt) suggesting that she was associated primarily with the north. However, some scholars argue that the deity was introduced from Sudan (South of Egypt) where lions are more plentiful.

Pendant depicting the Tutankhamun with Sekhmet and Ptah from www.egyptarchive.co.uk

Sekhmet was represented by the searing heat of the mid-day sun (in this aspect she was sometimes called “Nesert”, the flame) and was a terrifying goddess. However, for her friends she could avert plague and cure disease.

She was the patron of Physicians and Healers and the priests of Sekhmet became known as skilled doctors. As a result, this fearsome deity sometimes called the “lady of terror” was also known as the “lady of life”.

Sekhmet at Kom Ombo copyright Gerard Ducher

Sekhmet was mentioned a number of times in the spells of The Book of the Dead as both a creative and destructive force, but above all, she is the protector of Ma’at (balance or justice) named “The One Who Loves Ma’at and Who Detests Evil”.

She was also known as the “Lady of Pestilence” and the “Red Lady” (indicating her alignment with the desert) and it was thought that she could send plagues against those who angered her. When the centre of power shifted from Memphis to Thebes during the New Kingdom the Theban Triad (Amun, Mut, and Khonsu), Sekhmet’s attributes were absorbed into that of Mut (who sometimes took the form of a lion).

Ramesses II with Sekhmet and Ptah

Sekhmet was associated with the goddesses given the title “Eye of Ra”. According to myth, Ra became angry because mankind was not following his laws and preserving Ma’at (justice or balance). He decided to punish mankind by sending an aspect of his daughter, the “Eye of Ra”. He plucked Hathor from Ureas on his brow, and sent her to earth in the form of a lion. She became Sekhmet, the “Eye of Ra” and began her rampage.

Sekhmet Menit

The fields ran with human blood. However, Ra was not a cruel deity, and the sight of the carnage caused him to repent. He ordered her to stop, but she was in a blood lust and would not listen. So Ra poured 7,000 jugs of beer and pomegranate juice (which stained the beer blood red) in her path. She gorged on the “blood” and became so drunk she slept for three days. When she awoke, her blood lust had dissipated, and humanity was saved.

In one version of the myth, Ptah is the first thing she sees upon awakening and she instantly falls in love with him. Their union (creation and destruction) created Nefertum (healing) and so re-established Ma’at.

The saving of mankind was commemorated every year on the feast day of Hathor/Sekhmet. Everyone drank beer stained with pomegranate juice and worshipped “the Mistress and lady of the tomb, gracious one, destroyer of rebellion, mighty one of enchantments”.

Sekhmet on a model collar

A statue of Sekhmet was dressed in red facing west, while Bast was dressed in green and faced east. Bast was sometimes considered to be Sekhmet’s counterpart (or twin depending on the legend), and in the festival of Hathor they embodied the duality central to Egyptian mythology. Sekhmet represented Upper Egypt while Bast represented Lower Egypt.

Sekhmet was closely associated with kingship. She was often described as the mother of Maahes, the lion god who was a patron of the pharaoh and the pyramid texts (from dynasty five) suggest that the pharaoh was conceived by Sekhmet. For example, one relief depicts the Pharaoh Niuserre being suckled by Sekhmet. This ancient myth is echoed in the New Kingdom reliefs in the temple of Seti I which depict the pharaoh being suckled by Hathor whose title is “mistress of the mansion of Sekhmet”.

Sekhmet copyright Finoskov [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)]

Ramesses II (Seti’s son) adopted Sekhmet as a symbol of his power in battle. In friezes depicting the Battle of Kadesh, Sekhmet appears on his horse, her flames scorching the bodies of enemy soldiers.

One pharaoh, in particular, seems to have had an obsession of sorts with Sekhmet. Amenhotep III (father of Akhenaten, Dynasty Eighteen) built hundreds of statues of Sekhmet in the precinct of Mut’s temple (known as “Isheru”) south of the Great Temple of Amun in Karnak. It is thought that there was one for every day of the year and that offerings were made every day.

Bibliography
  • Bard, Kathryn (2008) An introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt
  • Goodenough, Simon (1997) Egyptian Mythology
  • Kemp, Barry J (1991) Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilisation
  • Lesko, Barbara S (1999) The great goddesses of Egypt
  • Pinch, Geraldine (2002) Handbook Egyptian Mythology
  • Redford Donald B (2002) Ancient Gods Speak
  • Watterson, Barbara (1996) Gods of Ancient Egypt
  • Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003) The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt
  • Wilkinson, Richard H. (2000) The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt

Copyright J Hill 2008

Sours: https://ancientegyptonline.co.uk/sekhmet/
GOD OF WAR 4 - Sigrun Boss Fight (Valkyrie Queen) HARDEST BOSS

Sekhmet

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Sekhmet whose name means: “She who is powerful” or “the One who loves Ma’at” was the goddess of the hot desert sun, plague, chaos, war, and healing. She was created from the fire of the sun god Ra’s eye when he looked upon Earth. Ra created her as a weapon to destroy humans for their disobedience to him and for not living in accordance with the principles of Ma’at. Sometimes she is seen as the daughter of Geb (earth), and Nut (the sky).

Sekhmet was depicted with the body of a woman with a lion head wearing a sun disk. She was seen as the protector of the pharaohs and led them in warfare. When she was in a calmer state she would take the form of the household cat goddess Bastet.   

Sekhmet was a terrifying goddess, however for her friends she could avert plague and cure disease. She was the patron of physicians and healers.

The ancient Egyptians believed that Sekhmet had a cure for every problem. In order to stay on her good side, they offered her food and drink, played music for her, and burned incense. They would whisper their prayers into the ears of cat mummies and offer them to Sekhmet. They believed that this was a direct connection to the deities and their prayers would be answered.


3D Model - Sekhmet statue on Sketchfab

Image: RC 1605 Standing Sekhmet, Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum.

Sours: https://egyptianmuseum.org/deities-sekhmet

Headed goddess lion

Figure of a Lion-Headed Goddess in Front of an Obelisk

Figure of a Lion-Headed Goddess in Front of an Obelisk
Creative Commons License

Description The ancient Egyptians donated figures of their gods for use in temple rituals; smaller images served as amulets to ensure divine protection. Goddesses in particular were viewed as protective deities. From earliest times, Egyptian venerated a wide circle of feline-headed female deities, such as Sakhmet, Tefnut, Wadjet, and Bastet. Leonine goddesses, usually Sakhmet or Wadjet (daughters of the sun-god Re), were often associated with an obelisk - a symbol of the sun god - demonstrating both their close relationship to the supreme god and his powers of renewal.

Provenance Dikran Kelekian, New York and Paris [date and mode of acquisition unknown] [said to be from Mit Rahina]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1930, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.

Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1930




Sours: https://art.thewalters.org/detail/1237/figure-of-a-lion-headed-goddess-in-front-of-an-obelisk/
Maahes: the Ancient Egyptian Lion-Headed God of War

Maahes

Ancient Egyptian god

Maahes (also spelled in Greek: Mihos, Miysis, Mios, Maihes, or Mahes) (Greek: Μαχές, Μιχός, Μίυσις, Μίος, or Μάιχες) was an ancient Egyptianlion-headed god of war,[1] whose name means "he who is true beside her". He was seen as the son of the Creator god Ptah, as well as the feline goddess (Bast in Lower Egypt or Sekhmet in Upper Egypt) whose nature he shared. Maahes was a deity associated with war, protection, and weather, as well as that of knives, lotuses, and devouring captives. His cult was centred in Taremu and Per-Bast, the cult centres of Sekhmet and Bast respectively.

Name[edit]

The name of Maahes begins with the hieroglyphs for the male lion, although in isolation it also means (one who can) see in front. Some of the titles of Maahes were Lord of Slaughter,[1][3]Wielder of the Knife, and The Scarlet Lord.

Origin[edit]

The first recorded reference to Maahes is from the New Kingdom. Some Egyptologists have suggested that Maahes was of foreign origin;[4] indeed there is some evidence that he may have been identical with the lion-god Apedemak worshipped in Nubia and Egypt's Western Desert.

Maahes was considered the son of Ra with the feline goddess Bastet, or of another feline goddess, Sekhmet. He was sometimes identified with another son of Sekhmet, Nefertum. Maahes was said to fight Ra's archenemy, the serpent Apep, during Ra's nightly voyage.[5]

Considered to have powerful attributes, feline deities were associated with the pharaohs, and became patrons of Egypt. The male lion hieroglyphic was used in words such as "prince", "mashead", "strength", and "power".

Depictions[edit]

Maahes was pictured as a man with the head of a male lion, sometimes holding a knife and a bouquet of lotus flowers, referring to his connection with Nefertum, who was symbolized by the lotus.[5]

Sacred animals[edit]

Tame lions were kept in a temple dedicated to Maahes in Taremu, where Bast/Sekhmet were worshipped, his temple was adjacent to that of Bast.[6] The ancient Greek historian Aelian wrote: "In Egypt, they worship lions, and there is a city called after them. (...) The lions have temples and numerous spaces in which to roam; the flesh of oxen is supplied to them daily (...) and the lions eat to the accompaniment of song in the Egyptian language", thus the Greek name of the city Leontopolis was derived.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abManfred Lurker (1987). Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons. Routledge. p. 215. ISBN .
  2. ^Erman, Adolf & Grapow, Hermann: Wörterbuch der Aegyptischen Sprache., Im Auftrage der Deutschen Akademien, Berlin: Akademie Verlag (1971), II., p.12
  3. ^The epithet was used for many Egyptian gods: Thoth (cf. Erik Hornung, The Secret Lore of Egypt: Its Impact on the West, 2001, p.6), Wepwawet (cf. Egypt: Temple of the Whole World : Studies in Honour of Jan Assmann, Brill 2003, ISBN 90-04-13240-6, p.106), Set (cf. Homer William Smith, Man and His Gods, 1952 p.20) etc.
  4. ^Walter Yust ed., Encyclopædia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge, 1956, p.54
  5. ^ abWilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. pp. 178–179
  6. ^Seawright, Caroline. "Maahes, God of War and Protection, The Leonine Lord of Slaughter". Archived from the original on 4 November 2019.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maahes

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Lion-headed goddess

Late Period–Ptolemaic Period

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Lion-headed goddesses in Egypt encompassed numerous deities including Sakhmet, Wadjet, and Bastet, among others. In this guise, the goddesses were fierce protective deities, but ones that could also bring about destruction on behalf of the gods, both through violence and through plague and pestilence. This figure utilizes several iconographic elements common to many lion-headed goddesses including the upright standing posture, the lion’s mane combined with a tripartite wig, the long gown, and the sun disk. The goddess has deep-set eyes and a slender profile.

The sun disk, when worn by a lion-headed goddess, is sometimes linked with Wadjet, and alludes to her role as the daughter and eye of the sun god Re, but many goddesses shared this aspect and similar inscribed statuettes name several different deities; without an inscription or context, it is difficult to assign a precise identity to this figure.

Title:Lion-headed goddess

Period:Late Period–Ptolemaic Period

Date:664–30 BC

Geography:From Egypt

Medium:Cupreous metal

Dimensions:H. 15.5 cm (6 1/8 in.); W. 2.9 cm (1 1/8 in.); D. 2 cm (13/16 in.)
H. (with tangs): 16.5 cm (6 1/2 in.)

Credit Line:Museum Accession

Accession Number:2016.9.36

In the museum for many years, documented in 1958. Accessioned in 2016.

The Met Collection API is where all makers, creators, researchers, and dreamers can now connect to the most up-to-date data and images for more than 470,000 artworks in The Met collection. As part of The Met’s Open Access program, the data is available for unrestricted commercial and noncommercial use without permission or fee.

Learn more

Sours: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/572087


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