Each personality type has four Cognitive Functions. Functions put language to the way they process information and make decisions, and their order is based on personal preferences. Thinking and Feeling are used to make decisions, while iNtuition and Sensing are used to process information. Each type is referred to by their top two functions. Internal functions are the ones you use in your head, and external functions are the ones you use to interact with the world around you.
The NeTi’s functions are as follows:
1. Ne - external iNtuition
Ne is NeTi’s core function. They use it to find patterns and underlying principles, to see future possibilities, to construct theories and frameworks, and to form connections as they talk, write, or create. To others, Ne is what can make the NeTi seem like they have their head in the clouds, constantly having crazy ideas that don’t always seem in sync with reality. The rest of the functions below are said to "serve" the Ne. This means that the Ne way of doing things gets priority most of the time.
2. Ti - internal Thinking
Ti is what fuels the NeTi’s drive for knowledge and general focus on intellectual pursuits. It comes second in the “functional stack”, and it operates mostly in the background, doing analysis on the ideas that Ne seems to grasp out of thin air. It provides a logical framework and reference material to determine which ideas are logical and which are not. This is important as it can help to bring balance in response to especially fantastical ideas.
3. Fe - external Feeling
Fe is third, and is where the NeTi’s humanitarian side originates. In social situations, it can make them a more expressive, eloquent, and otherwise skilled conversationalist, to the point where convincing others to believe in their ideas can be quite easy to do. It is also a major cause behind their drive to use their intelligence and creative problem solving skills to help others and make the world a better place, rather than using them for purely selfish purposes.
4. Si - internal Sensing
Si is the NeTi’s last function. Because of this, it is inherently not as strong as the other functions. It operates subconsciously for the most part, and allows stores all the interesting facts and knowledge they gather in an organized way in their brain for future reference. People with Si first or second are really good at implementation and keeping a system running smoothly over long periods of time. Because Si is weakest for the NeTi, they may struggle with being consistent, reliable, and actually implementing their ideas. However, as they grow and develop, they often learn to overcome these weaknesses.
NeTi’s love thinking up new ideas and considering all the possibilities in any given situation. They learn about the world through observation and experimentation. According to Dario Nardi, Ph.D., Ne-dominant types are masters of trans-contextual thinking. This means that they can easily think about things across contexts.
From his book, Neuroscience of Personality:
“Regardless of the kind of stimulus that enters the brain -- sights, sounds, smell, sensation, or so forth -- the brain responds by rapidly processing that stimulus in multiple regions, including regions seemingly not applicable to the stimulus. For example, for most people, hearing the words ‘dog’ and ‘cat’ will evoke auditory regions...and perhaps some visual or memory regions...Perhaps we recall a beloved childhood pet. However, the Ne types get busy using all regions to tap relationships across situations, perhaps suddenly imagining a story about two brothers, one of whom is faithful and sociable (like a dog) while the other is independent and quiet (like a cat). They might wonder about dog and cat writing styles too!”
This ability to think outside the box and context of the current topic is key to the NeTi’s creativity. Since Ne is the priority, ideas are usually shared with the world first and then analyzed by Ti afterwards. As a result, some of their ideas can be very abstract and random and may not make sense if they haven’t been run through the Ti filter yet.
NeTi’s are constantly chasing new shiny ideas and studying fresh topics of interest. They derive satisfaction from learning about a huge variety of topics so they can use the information to fuel their ideas. The more diverse their learning is, the more likely it is that they can find a unique solution to a problem by pulling from their library of knowledge. They are commonly known as polymaths, or renaissance men/women because of the variety of topics they learn about. They generally prefer to obtain competence in many areas rather than mastering just one skill or area of expertise.
NeTi’s naturally come up with new ideas, create hypotheses, run experiments, and extract knowledge from their experiments. However, they don't necessarily do them in that order. Often they experiment first, and then draw a hypothesis from their experience. They may even experiment in their relationships to better understand the other person and how they should adapt to them.
Although Ne is excellent at coming up with new ideas, Si is last, which means that they can struggle to implement their ideas in a systematic way. High Si types are often able to easily perform tasks that require learning a detailed system (like grammar, accounting, or legal rules) or ones that are simply repetitive, like brushing one’s teeth, with a high level of consistency. It’s not uncommon for them to have regular routines in their lives by choice. NeTi’s however, might resist performing these kinds of tasks in any sort of consistent manner. Si tasks generally bore and irritate them because they don’t provide them with good ideas or mental stimulation.
Their ideas are more likely to reach the implementation stage if they feel like the idea will benefit others in a meaningful way. They generally do better when they avoid most of the things that require high attention to detail, mindless repetition or action, or rote memorization. Of course there are things that are personally worth the potential frustration or boredom that can come with doing Si tasks, like practicing to become a better musician. There are also certain things that ideally should not be avoided, like showering. In these cases, they may be able to think of ways to at least make the task less dull. It’s likely that with tasks like this, they will not follow a regular pattern. While an Si dominant type might shower every day at 7 am for 20 years, NeTi’s might end up showering twice in a single day, avoid showering for the next two, then shower at 5 pm, and the next day at 2 pm.
Although NeTi’s primarily value competence over mastery, they aren’t incapable of becoming experts. They are great at adapting to their present circumstances and generally feel comfortable not really knowing what their life will look like ten years from the present day. Often they fall into mastery through their various intellectual pursuits and adaptations, rather than mapping out a path from childhood to achieve a specific expert status.
There are times when they have multiple interests they’re trying to feed at once. They generally enjoy having a lot of variety available to them, especially if they have the ability to switch between interests at their whim, but this can easily get out of hand if there are many plates being spun and no reliable system to make sure things actually get accomplished. If the goal is simply to try things out and learn, this might be acceptable, but if it involves responsibility to others like completing a project for work, it can cause problems. While variety is good for them, when they become more distracted than productive, they might find it helpful to surround themselves with people who can take over some of the less interesting or more menial tasks.
NeTi’s get their ideas from the world around them and their ideas usually flow best when they have someone to bounce ideas off of. This is the nature of Ne and other external functions (denoted by the lowercase “e”) - they need interaction with the world to function optimally. This is a double-edged sword, as the outside world can also be highly distracting. Because of this, they tend to need alternating stages of input and output.
Input can come from almost anywhere. It may come in the form of observations, conversations with weird and fascinating humans, good books and articles, interesting assignments at work or even simple things like enjoying nature. While some ideas may come when they’re alone, having others to share their ideas with can provide useful refinement as well as input on whether the idea will make sense in the real world or not. They are less likely to feel fulfilled and be their best self if they spend a lot of time isolated from others.
It’s not always easy for them to find the right people to share their ideas with. They can be extremely abstract and often seem to spring up from nothing to outside observers, so it’s not always easy for other people to comprehend what they’re saying. They also tend to be impatient to get started on their ideas immediately after conceiving them, and they might be disappointed when others don’t immediately jump in to help them implement it.
NeTi’s really like their autonomy. Although they like working with other people on interesting ideas, they despise being micromanaged by someone they don’t respect and trust. They usually prefer to take on a challenge their own way, without the steps being pre-defined for them.
Ne’s outside-the-box thinking can lead to what others may see as disruptive behaviour. Often, if someone tries to make them do something one way, they’ll look for a different way. This usually isn’t an intentional rebellion. They look for new ways to do things because it’s more exciting than following conventional routes or just doing what they’ve done before. Their other functions all serve their drive to find new solutions to problems. Ti helps them objectively say whether their novel idea will actually be an improvement or not, while Fe reminds them to value others’ ideas as highly as their own. They also need Si to remind them that at times, the existing way might actually be better.
NeTi’s tend to be curious about people, but having to constantly care for others can drain them quickly. They love studying people and brainstorming with them, but their default is often to try and problem-solve for people when they’re upset rather than only listening to them. It can take some direct instruction from others before the NeTi learns what is appropriate in terms of responding to others who are in emotional pain. They may also start to feel uncomfortable around overly emotional people, and can have a strong desire for the other person to just feel better so things can be normal again.
Some NeTi’s have almost childlike emotional expression. They can be very playful and often reflect the emotions of those around them. Their Fe picks up on what others are feeling, and their Ne adapts to reflect it. They often use their mirroring and general playfulness and sense of humour to build rapport with people. However, it can be uncomfortable for them to be around very unexpressive people, because they’re not sure how to act or adapt without some kind of emotion to play off of.
They thrive in “chaotic” environments as they find them fun. It gives their Ne more interesting input to play with for ideas. It also gives them more information to look for patterns in and is more likely to be a positive space for new ideas to come forth, as opposed to Si environments which tend to be more conventional and traditional. As one NeTi said: “Entropy reigns supreme in our natural habitat.”
They may share things or say things that others would find inappropriate without realizing it at times. They can also use their ability to know what others are feeling for their own benefit - for good or bad. Although they might initially enjoy pushing people’s boundaries, as they develop their Si they become more aware of clear established boundaries others have, and will try to respect them. If an NeTi doesn’t see clearly defined boundaries, they may look for loopholes and find places they can push boundaries in order to explore and learn more.
NeTi’s care about others, but may not be exactly sure how to show it. As they get older and Fe develops more, it tends to make them quite squishy and warm towards the people they care about, and helps them avoid saying things that might offend people. It also drives them to care about humanity as a whole and to consider ways they might go about helping people.
The NeTi’s internal world is primarily driven by Ti. Ti is primed to make logical deductions and has a high value for knowledge and accuracy. It is always looking for the facts and the truth and it’s hungry for information. It is skilled at analyzing things and is always wondering how things work and why they work that way.
NeTi’s are constantly taking in information and turning it over in their minds, looking at it from every angle and thinking about how it relates to everything else they’ve learned. They regularly ask “how does this work?” and “why is it like this?” as their Ti filters and processes their discoveries to separate out what is useful or not useful, accurate or not accurate.
Although Ti is secondary, it can help direct the Ne to know where to look for the right information and to understand how their ideas could develop. Although Ne is driving the train, Ti can lay down the tracks so to speak to show what paths actually make sense to follow. Ne could go in any direction, so Ti helps it by saying “Out of all 360 degrees available to you, go any direction within this 15 degrees.” Ti also helps Ne stay on track as it can help the NeTi know when they are going too far off on a bunny trail that isn’t going to be useful in the end. Although Ne is always going to try and keep all the doors open, Ti can point out when a particular idea is not worth exploring.
NeTi’s don’t necessarily think that their ideas are perfect when they first state them. In fact at times, they may not think them through at all before sharing them, so others should be careful not to take their first whack at an idea as their best work. They need time to let their Ti work on it for accuracy, and their Si to take a quick swipe at the details for realism’s sake. Si tends to be the part of the them that is cautious and warns them about the dangers of the unknown or the practical requirements of the real world, while Ne might want to go out and try things even if they’re crazy or risky.
Ti delights in finding the truth. If a particular argument seems to lack accuracy, Ti will screen it for flaws and make the NeTi aware of them. Si will also usually attempt to specify the details of the flaw, but may not be able to completely break down the details as it’s not their core strength. In this case they can use external libraries, such as books, Google, or the expertise of others to get help with nailing down the pesky details.
When the NeTi is wrapped up in Ti analysis or concentration, the external world pales and disappears. They may become so engaged that they ignore physical stimuli like people talking to them or a ringing phone. It’s not that they can’t hear it necessarily, but their mind is very distant from the physical world in that moment, and it’s hard to return to it right away.
Because Si is the last function, NeTi’s can have a hard time dealing with tons of minute details or implementing their ideas. They usually have a lot more fun generating ideas than carrying them out. When it comes to productivity, they may feel disappointed in how little they do compared to the number of ideas they get if they try to implement everything themselves.
It can also be easy for them to forget to have a specific end goal for their lives. They often have a wide range of things they could do, but it can be hard to nail down and commit to accomplishing one thing in particular. When Si is not well developed yet, the NeTi may have a lot of trouble deciding that it’s worth it to commit to anything long-term. Their Ne loves it when they keep all their options open and doesn’t want to feel restricted. Once Si has been developed more, they can usually see that in certain circumstances, it’s beneficial or even necessary to make a long-term commitment in order for them to get what they want.
When Si isn’t being over-used elsewhere, it can work with Ti to create models and systems that are extremely useful to the NeTi (and often to others as well). Ti takes the information that Ne has gathered and the principles it has derived from experience, and designs a particular system around that principle that Si can follow. If the system is overly complicated, then Si will get too stressed out and they will give up on trying to follow it. This can happen because Ne enjoys chaos, doesn’t initially see that all the complications will be a problem, and it isn’t sure exactly what is necessary and unnecessary to the routine. Before they start to build simpler models that will actually work for them, they might need to observe or experience for themselves that overly complicated models aren’t very useful. This may sound odd, but building things that are simple to use often requires far more intelligent, complex work behind the scenes.
Because Si is last, in younger years when it’s not well developed it can cause some trouble for the NeTi. Although chores can be strongly disliked if someone else tries to put pressure on the NeTi to do them at a specific time, chores that they decide to complete on a whim can be relaxing because of their reliance on simple known routines. They can get really frustrated with maintenance when it feels unnecessary, so they tend to prefer getting involved in things they can do really well in one go, rather than having to constantly come back and be nitpicky about fixing little pieces that don’t really improve that overall state of things.
They may also resort to wearing the same outfit or eating the same food over and over again so they can rely on a minimal amount of Si. This lets them revert to a routine that has been internalized, as opposed to having to make decisions about a huge number of details on a daily basis. It can also be comforting to Si to go with what’s familiar and nostalgic in these situations. This can make the NeTi seem like they have a lack of fashion sense unless it’s something they care about and choose to intentionally invest in.
They may even get so absorbed by something fascinating that rest or nutrition is unintentionally forgotten because they’ve temporarily lost awareness regarding their physical needs.. This absorption can also lead to bumping into things or losing things (even things that might literally be in their pocket) because of a general forgetfulness regarding the presence of the physical world.
Many NeTi’s describe opening 10’s or even 100’s of tabs in their web browser and not reading the content in them, or having a hard time throwing things away because they think they might use it later. Ne likes keeping all the possibilities open and having weaker Si can mean that it’s hard to figure out which pieces are more useful than others.
NeTi’s generally don’t do well with a lot of detail. They prefer to look at big picture connections rather than single concrete details. This can cause them to get easily distracted or forget what they’re doing in the middle of a task if they go too far off the main path. This is why they thrive when they can be the ideas person and let other people handle the details of implementation.
Once Si becomes more developed, NeTi’s tend to become more productive and can be more satisfied with what they’ve done in their day. They can take an idea and immediately get to work on it instead of keeping it in the idea stage forever. They can also begin to find ways to relax through Si tasks like doing dishes or cooking. The predictability and physical aspect of the process is what the Si especially appreciates. It can also assist them in realistically seeing the steps necessary to accomplish their ideas.
ENTPs are defined by the functional stack:
- Dominant: Extraverted Intuition (Ne)
- Auxiliary: Introverted Thinking (Ti)
- Tertiary: Extraverted Feeling (Fe)
- Inferior: Introverted Sensing (Si)
The ENTP is an extravert (E) who likes to remain open (P).
- ENTP’s Jungian pair partner = ENFP
- ENTP’s dominant function opposite = ESTP
- ENTP’s shadow opposite or functional opposite = ISFJ
- ENTP’s mirror opposite = ESFP
- ENTP’s complementary opposite = INTJ
One of the two ‘extraverted intuitives’, ENFP is the other. The ENTP comprises 4.5% of the population and is the 8th largest group [x].
Not every individual is a typical example of their type and thus won’t necessarily resonate entirely with the “generic average” descriptions commonly found around the internet. The complexity of human personality cannot be fully captured in just a few paragraphs. The following type description is excerpted from Do What You Are by Tieger, Barron, Tieger:
“ENTPs love excitement and challenge. Enthusiastic and ingenious, they are talkative, clever, and good at many things and constantly strive to increase their competence and personal power. ENTPs are born enterprising. They are fascinated with new ideas and are alert to all possibilities. They have strong initiative and operate on creative impulse. ENTPs value their inspiration above all else and strive to turn their original ideas into reality. They are inquisitive, versatile, adaptable, and resourceful in solving challenging and theoretical problems. Alert and outspoken, ENTPs can easily see the flaw in any position and often enjoy arguing for fun on either side of an issue. They have excellent analytical abilities and are great strategic thinkers. They can almost always find a logical reason for the things that they want. Most ENTPs like to test the limits around them and consider that most rules and regulations are meant to be bent, if not broken. They are sometimes unconventional in their approach and enjoy helping others to push past what is accepted and expected. They like to live freely and look for fun and variety in everyday situations. ENTPs deal imaginatively with social relationships and often have a great number and variety of friends and acquaintances. They can display great humor and optimism. ENTPs can be charming and stimulating company and often inspire others to become involved in their projects through their infectious enthusiasm. They prefer to try to understand and respond to people rather than judge them.“
The following cognitive function analysis is compiled from my Function Theory Guide. Read the guide in full if you need more detail regarding type assessment at mbti-notes.tumblr.com/theory. Consult the Type Development Guide if you need to address personality problems at mbti-notes.tumblr.com/development.
The process of personality development is heavily influenced by learning and environmental factors, so remember that each person is a unique example of their type. Generally speaking, the dominant and auxiliary functions are the main sources of prominent personality characteristics. How well/poorly a particular individual uses their dominant and auxiliary cognitive functions determines whether they should be classified as a “healthy”, “mature”, or “immature” example of their type. If a person frequently exhibits troubling or dysfunctional behavior, it is likely that they are suffering from tertiary function loop and/or inferior function grip, perhaps in ways that distort normal/typical type expression.
- Ne is a perceiving function that relies on abstract possibilities
- Ne generates ideas about what things can be, then transforms them
- Ne uses novel ideas to promote a sense of hope and optimism
The following are common characteristics of Ne dominants:
- ENTPs are naturals at using unconventional ideas/approaches
- Healthy ENTPs are open, encouraging, experimental, innovative
- Mature ENTPs are known for being a positive force for change. They are trendsetters, catalysts, and agents of progress. At their best, they love a new idea and seek out the best ideas for moving forward, often inspiring people to make the world around them a better place.
- Immature ENTPs display the negative aspects of Ne due to excessive desire for hopefulness. They tend to be scattered and unpredictable, avoid facing the negative, choose the wrong path and miscalculate outcomes, or get taken by impractical ideas that lead to failure despite good intentions.
The auxiliary cognitive function is a key indicator of personality growth as well as developmental problems. Failure to develop the auxiliary function properly during the teenage years often leads to psychological issues or maladjustment. The following are common characteristics of auxiliary Ti:
Healthy Auxiliary Ti expression:
- displays good sense when making judgments/decisions
- frank and honest about own flaws, mistakes, shortcomings
- willing to examine own problematic beliefs/judgments
- works hard to resolve flaws in knowledge/reasoning/judgment
- uses skills and intelligence in positive ways (to solve problems)
Immature Auxiliary Ti expression:
- very quick to jump to oversimplistic conclusions
- overconfident/arrogant about own intelligence
- emotionally void; criticizes/nitpicks everything out of boredom
- twists logic to justify self-serving decision making
- condescends to anyone perceived as “unintelligent”
Maladjusted / Dysfunctional ENTPs:
When dominant and auxiliary development problems become too severe and/or a person experiences traumatic stress that remains unresolved, they tend to exhibit more and more problematic behavior over time. Negative personality characteristics are often expressed through tertiary function loop and inferior function grip. The following are common tertiary Fe loop and inferior Si grip characteristics that make ENTPs seem maladjusted and out-of-character:
Tertiary Fe loop:
- can’t admit that own poor judgment caused bad outcomes
- difficulty being resolute without some external help/validation
- uses charm or humor to deflect attention from shortcomings
- fishes for praise, agreement, or affirmation to deflect criticism
- wants to be taken seriously but won’t be serious when it matters
- cites “expert” facts/opinions for convenience rather than truth
- makes unfair/condescending social comparisons to feel superior
- provokes or manipulates people’s emotions for self-centered gain
Inferior Si grip:
- solitary, anxious, apprehensive, irritable
- feels different, misunderstood, underappreciated
- compulsive, pedantic, nitpicky about insignificant details
- obsesses about issues/problems that can’t be changed
- ruminates about a past event/mistake/regret (fears repeating it)
- feels unmoored/uprooted; fears losing things of great (sentimental) value
- gets sick easily when stressed and irrationally fears illness/disease
- drowns in hopelessness, pessimism, lack of will
- time passing or unresolved issues seem like omnipresent threats
Related ENTP Tags:
ENTP - Explorer Inventor
The theme for ENTPs is inventing, finding ingenious solutions to people and technical problems.
Talents lie in developing ideas into functional and innovative applications that are the first of their kind.
Thrive on finding new ways to use theories to make systems more efficient and people better off.
Hunger for new projects.
Have faith in their ability to instantly come up with new approaches that will work. Engineers of human relationships and systems as well as in the more scientific and technological domains.
ENTP - Pattern of Processes
|Interpreting situations and relationships and pickup meanings and interconnections to other contexts|
|Supporting||Introverted Thinking||Analyzing, categorizing, and evaluating according to principles|
|Relief||Extraverted Feeling||Connecting and considering others and the group|
|Aspirational||Introverted Sensing||Reviewing and recalling past experiences and seeking detailed data|
|Opposing||Introverted iNtuiting||Foreseeing implications, transformations, and likely effects|
|Critical Parent||Extraverted Thinking||Segmenting, organizing for efficiency, and systematizing|
|Deceiving||Introverted Feeling||Valuing and considering importance, beliefs, and worth|
|Devilish||Extraverted Sensing||Experiencing and acting in the immediate context.|
Personality Type Books By Linda Berens
®Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Myers-Briggs, MBTI, are registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc.
The ENTP type loves to debate. Although the debate can be for a larger purpose or an end goal sometimes this personality just enjoys the fun that comes from a debate. ENTP functions are always on the quest to grow and learn and so they like to assess a new idea or project from every possible angle.
Now, although logic and rationality can be beneficial, sometimes this personality type can be insensitive to others’ feelings. Unlike other personality types, an ENTP doesn’t take into account how others might be affected.
To understand this personality fully, we must delve into the functions that dictate even the smallest of decisions. There are four cognitive functions and four shadow functions. The four core cognitive functions tend to be the most dominant and tend to be what mostly dictates this personality processes everyday life.
Now when it comes to the shadow functions these usually come to light and overtake the cognitive functions when any personality is under stress, feels as though their individuality or identity has been threatened, or challenged, or is simply undergoing a trivial time in their life. Although this is not the only time that shadow functions can occur it is the most likely.
To have a firmer grasp of this personality let’s explore both the core functions and the shadow functions as well be sarcastic functions, which are essentially the core functions but explained a little more in layman’s terms.
The 4 Core Cognitive Functions
Any personality type can essentially be defined by its cognitive functions as it is the foundation of an individual’s behavior. Although it may not seem like it, the order in which these functions will be listed is the order in which they appear more dominant in a certain personality, so the first function mentioned is going to be the most dominant and most well-developed function.
Typically MBTI personalities can also be referred to as a combination of the first two dominant functions, in this case, that nickname would be NeTi.
#1 Extroverted Intuition (Ne)
Extraverted intuition, or Ne, is the primary and dominant cognitive function of an ENTP personality. Ne is beneficial as it identifies patterns and methods that influence the way this personality speaks, writes, and moves forward with projects. This evidently makes ENTPs excellent at forming critical thoughts that allow them to view any argument or idea from all perspectives.
It is also notable to mention that extraverted intuition is typically what makes others think that this personality is constantly having unique and abnormal ideas. The truth is that ENTPs simply enjoy learning and growing. Constantly being in their thoughts is normal for them. As a dominant core function for the ENTP, introverted intuition is prioritized above all other cognitive functions.
#2 Introverted Thinking (Ti)
The next top cognitive function is introverted thinking, this is essentially where the ENTP personality garners their motivation for learning and growing as intellectuals. Essentially introverted thinking can pinpoint which ideas, that this personality is constantly conjuring, are more logical than others. As the two top core functions both introverted thinking and extroverted intuition work together to create a balance between imagination and rationality.
Introverted thinking is essentially very useful as ENTP prefers a more rational and objective point of view than an emotional one.
#3 Extroverted Feeling (Fe)
The third cognitive function is extroverted feeling and as the third one, it is not as well developed or as dominant as the other two just discussed. It has already been established that NeTi’s are not the most compassionate when it comes to others’ feelings however this function is what brings out that compassion.
So when it comes to social situations this personality can become quite expressive and likable when it comes to conversations, to a point where they are able to gather other people to believe in their own ideas. If put into effect, the extroverted feeling can result in this personality helping other people through their creative thinking.
#4 Introverted Sensing (Si)
As the last cognitive function introverted sensing is the least dominant and rather the inferior function. Typically introverted sensing is beneficial as it can function as a system however because it is the weakest function in NeTi it is not likely to do so.
Rather, introverted sensing results in this personality struggling with consistency and reliability and essentially following through with the ideas that they are constantly working through in their head. If they really wish to, ENTPs can try to overcome this as a weakness and instead try to make it a strength.
Shadow Functions in ENTPs
Shadow functions have already been established as flourishing in trivial times in any personality. Although shadow functions are not limited to such extreme situations, it is when they appear the most so they are considered to be dark functions that can be detrimental to a personality.
If exercised correctly and worked through properly these shadow functions that typically work subconsciously can bring out other characteristics that may be beneficial in certain situations.
#5 Introverted Intuition (Ni)
The first shadow function and opposing function to Ne is introverted intuition also known as Ni. We have established how typically extraverted intuition can promote creativeness and flexibility but when it comes to ENTP and Ni it seems to create a singular way of thinking which can limit the multiple perspectives that this personality loves to explore. Ni can also prove to create unrealistic assumptions that aren’t based on any evidence which can also limit the ENTP from reaching their full potential.
#6 Extroverted Thinking (Te)
The following shadow function is extroverted thinking. Typically introverted thinking is utilized to encourage and develop ideas however Te, or extroverted thinking tends to be far more critical. It is common for this shadow function to come into use when an ENTP receives heavy criticism, which essentially can lead to illogical thinking. Te essentially brings out the worst and nastiest behavior from an ENTP, they resort to insults and lashing out when anyone provides any sort of criticism to their ideas.
#7 Introverted feeling (Fi)
The next shadow function is introverted feeling, Fi. When it comes to introverted feelings in an ENTP, it can present itself in a rather shallow manner only concerned with an individual’s values rather than a group as a whole. As a shadow function, their values are utilized in a way to seem superior when compared to others rather than a display of who they are as a person.
For example, if an ENTP witnesses someone display passionate behavior about a project or an idea this personality may become motivated to outperform them and emphasize a greater passion and dedication but not because it is genuine but rather as a way to be perceived as better than the other person.
#8 Extraverted sensing (Se)
The final shadow function is extraverted sensing, and it can either be detrimental or beneficial. This shadow function presents itself when an ENTP feels their identity has been threatened. It also typically results in impulsive behavior as a reaction to the challenge posed to them.
#9 Sarcastic Functions
This is just another way to process and understand the four core functions of an ENTP personality. Learning the core functions sarcastically may also allow you to retain how they truly work more efficiently.
Let’s being with Ne, or rather extraverted intuition, this is someone who loves to experiment and try new things and is overall very open-minded. They also tend to be quite comedic, always finding and making jokes whenever they can.
The next function is Ti or introverted thinking. This function is essential to the ENTP personality. They love to play the devil’s advocate on any topic, but just because they look forward to justifying the opposing side does not mean that ENTPs aren’t well informed. On the contrary, because ENTPs love to play devil’s advocate they tend to rely heavily on logic.
Extraverted feeling, or Fe, should be thought of as that one person who can convince anyone of absolutely anything! Their confidence and ability to “smooth-talk” allow an ENTP to fully fool anyone into whatever comes out of their mouth–it truly is a skill!
The last function is Si, introverted sensing. The best way to think of Si is to think of it as a very forgetful individual. Let’s say they’ve lost something, as they are looking for whatever that may be, they will instantly forget what they were looking for. They are very scatterbrained.
Ultimately, like any personality, ENTPs are complex individuals who take pride in critical thinking and analyzing concepts from all angles. Despite the bad reputation shadow functions are not to be feared but rather are best if they are understood to fully grasp why this personality may react a certain way under specific circumstances.
When fully understood and when in a balance both cognitive and Shadow functions can work together to create a multifaceted individual.
About Liz Garcia
Cognitive functions entp
If you’re familiar with personality types, then you’ll know that ENTP is one of sixteen possible personality types identified in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Often the recipient of nicknames such as “the debater,” “the innovator,” or “the visionary,” ENTPs are incredibly innovative and clever individuals that thrive on intellectual stimulation and socialization.
What are the Cognitive Functions of the ENTP Personality?
Each personality is identified and categorized by the four cognitive functions: thinking, feeling, intuition, and sensation. In the case of ENTPs, they can be classified as NeTiFeSi, meaning they are driven by external intuition, internal thinking, external feeling, and internal sensing, in order of prominence.
Read on to learn more about the ENTP personality and its cognitive functions. We will discuss what it means to have this personality type and how its functions affect a person’s interactions, pursuits, and decision-making process.
What is an ENTP?
The ENTP personality falls under the “Analyst” category, including the INTJ, INTP, and ENTJ personalities. Often referred to as “the debaters,” “the innovators,” or “the visionaries,” ENTPs are classified as:
As a result, these individuals thrive on social interaction and are extremely quick-witted, creative, and steadfast.
ENTPs are also known to be die-hard devil’s advocates and enjoy exploring all sides of an argument to enhance their understanding of the subject in addition to purely enjoying the debate itself.
This love for debate and understanding different perspectives means that ENTPs are relatively reserved with their opinions and judgment until they are certain of their accuracy. They are highly inquisitive individuals that would rather search for answers and start thought-provoking conversations than spew impulsive opinions.
A downside of an ENTP’s love for debating and accuracy is that they sometimes come off as unbearably argumentative and a tad insensitive. Because they enjoy exploring different viewpoints, it can feel like they are always against you in a conversation.
In reality, they are typically just enjoying the conversation and want to expand their understanding through endless questions.
Another shortcoming of their curious and pondering nature is that many ENTPs would rather explore a topic than take resolved action. If they are in a position of power, they will often spend their time pondering what can be accomplished and allowing others to bring their ideas to reality.
However, if they are in a subordinate position, many ENTPs will question authority, either due to their debating nature or because these individuals don’t typically enjoy rules and guidelines.
Despite this, an ENTPs highly creative, quick, and pondering mind paired with their preference for social settings typically makes them a significant asset to any workplace or constructive environment.
What Are Personality Functions?
Each personality has its own unique combination of personality functions that reflections how an individual thinks or behaves. Ultimately, there are eight cognitive functions that correspond to different personalities depending on which are included and the order that they are arranged.
The functions include:
- Extraverted Thinking (Te)
- Extraverted Feeling (Fe)
- Extraverted Intuition (Ne)
- Extraverted Sensing (Se)
- Introverted Thinking (Ti)
- Introverted Feeling (Fi)
- Introverted Intuition (Ni)
- Introverted Sensing (Si)
Within each of these functions are individual letters that correspond with a personality trait (E/I, S/N, T/F, J/P). Each trait has a polar opposite within a personality defining category, or “dimensions,” as Myers and Briggs refer to them. A personality’s titles, like ENTP, are then created from the dominant traits a person prefers within each defining category.
Here are the ultimate defining dimensions with their corresponding traits of which an individual chooses one that more closely represents them:
|Defining Dimension||Opposing traits|
|How an individual manages/focuses energy and attention||Extraversion (E): spent with others. |
Introversion (I): spent alone or with small selective groups.
|How an individual processes information||Sensing (S): focuses on the five senses. |
Intuition (N): focuses on abstract thinking.
|How an individual makes decisions||Thinking (T): driven by their head/logic. |
Feeling (F): driven by their hearts/emotions.
|How an individual reacts to structure||Judging (J): prefers structure, order, routine. Avoids impulsive actions. |
Perceiving (P): prefers spontaneity and flexibility. Often impulsive.
Understanding each of these traits within a dimension helps an individual better understand the overarching function and how each is reflected in personality types differently.
Each ENTP Function, Explained
As we mentioned, each personality is composed of its own defining traits, which then correspond to four cognitive functions. In the case of the ENTP personality, these include:
- Ne: Extraverted intuition
- Ti: Introverted Thinking
- Fe: Extroverted Feeling
- Si: Introverted Sensing
When it comes to labeling a personality, the first two dominant cognitive functions are typically used for the personality’s function label, meaning ENTPs are often paired with NeTi. However, each cognitive function has a vital role to play and demonstrates different elements of an ENTP’s thinking and behavior.
Ne: Extroverted Intuition
The dominant or core cognitive function of an ENTP is their Ne function, which stands for extroverted intuition.
ENTPs are exceptional at finding patterns or future possibilities that others might overlook. From these ponderings or observations, they can make valid connections and often enjoy this process of exploring all options and possibilities of an outcome.
Because ENTPs are extremely extroverted, this process of intuitive thinking is often conducted aloud to another individual through speech or expressed in a physical manner such as writing or creation. Ultimately, a Ne-driven ENTP rarely ponders their thoughts to themselves in silence. They crave input from others as they discuss a topic.
Another element of this function is that ENTPs are extremely creative individuals who can gather information quickly to create new ideas. This pairs well with their open-mindedness, allowing them to explore all possibilities without being held back by judgment.
A problematic part of the Ne function in ENTPs is that it is often the reason behind their distractible or quirky nature. Although ENTPs are exceptional at making connections even between complex relationships, they are easily led astray by all of their ponderings and struggle to come to clear conclusions or concrete decisions.
They also tend to jump from one idea to the next without completely exploring it to a definitive end. Because of this, some might say they ENTPs have their heads in the clouds and are slightly out-of-tune with reality.
Ti: Introverted Thinking
The secondary cognitive function, also known as the auxiliary function of an ENTP, is their Ti function, which stands for introverted thinking.
ENTPs can attribute their relentless pursuit of knowledge and various perspectives to this particular function. Ti drives an ENTP’s thinking process that tends to be highly realistic and derived from systems created through inner logic rather than external protocols.
As a result, despite their tendency to jump around with their ideas, ENTPs are almost always logical with their thoughts and opinions rather than strictly fanciful.
The Ti function allows an ENTP to explore multi-faceted ideas or perspectives thoroughly and analytically to increase their overall understanding. They’re very much interested in understanding why something works just as much as how it works.
However, despite these individuals being realistic and favoring logic over emotion, they tend to base their thought processes and conclusions more on ideas than concrete facts.
As opposed to a Fi (introverted Feeling), a Ti will base their decisions on logical thought and physical information versus emotions. However, this does not mean that facts strictly drive them. On the contrary, a Ti prefers to base their decisions on inner thoughts and conclusions made through an explorative or even philosophical thought process of analysis.
Once they have the necessary information, a Ti will also differ from a Te (extroverted thinking) in the sense that they tend to keep their judgment or opinions to themselves rather than expressing them outwardly to others.
In addition to all this, the Ti function allows an ENTP to have a clear inner structure and control in their lives that lends well to being highly motivated, independent, and self-disciplined individuals.
Fe: Extroverted Feeling
The tertiary function for an ENTP is the Fe function, which stands for extroverted feeling. This function is typically less developed than the previous two for the ENTP personality but still plays a significant role, particularly in their affinity for humanitarianism and empathy.
ENTP’s can be frustrating individuals, particularly in the heat of a debate. However, their Fe function makes them much more likable individuals. It is because of this function that many ENTPs are eloquent and expressive conversationalists.
Additionally, they can be extremely persuasive and even charming, a skill that comes in handy when they want someone to see their point of view or side with them in conversation.
However, when this function is exceptionally undeveloped in an ENTP, the individual might come off as standoffish, insensitive, or even intellectually pretentious. This is mostly because since the Fe function is not dominant in an ENTP, it is much more difficult for these individuals to notice emotional changes or signs that other, more attuned personalities pick up on quickly.
On a more positive note, the Fe function helps an ENTP to pursue their intellectual interests for humanitarian purposes rather than personal pursuits. These individuals also strive to maintain harmony in an external environment and willing to offer counsel and advice to others in need.
Si: Introverted Sensing
The final function for an ENTP is the Si function, which stands for introverted sensing. This is their weakest function, operating almost exclusively on a subconscious level.
This function can allow individuals to create and maintain a clear mental system where they can store and recall information easily. Many personalities that have this function will test situations against their systems comprised of facts or experiences before a decision is made.
When the function is strong, the system works quickly and flawlessly, allowing quick decisions with the certainty of success or failure.
Unfortunately, since this is a weaker function in ENTPs, their systems aren’t typically as honed as they could be. Therefore, these individuals sometimes struggle with being inconsistent and unreliable when it comes to implementing their ideas. This is one of the reasons why ENTPs excel at having creative ideas but often allow others to implement their ideas for them.
Another element of this function is the ability to reflect on past occurrences and apply them to present situations to determine future results. Since the Si function isn’t typically strong in ENTPs, they struggle with this train of thought and often neglect to consider past events in their decisions.
On the other hand, personalities with a strong Si function can often get stuck in the past and have strong connections to past events that inhibit their progression. Since this function is weaker in ENTPs, they can ponder the future more easily rather than being stuck in the past.
Best Careers for an ENTP
Now that we’ve discussed what an ENTP personality entails and the cognitive functions that affect their thinking and behavior let’s discuss how these functions best translate to the workspace.
As we’ve said, ENTP’s can be intense debaters who struggle with authority and restrictive rules unless they are the ones in charge. These individuals are extremely creative, innovative, and inquisitive, all traits that lend extremely well to many workspaces.
That being said, there are a few careers where ENTPs are most likely to thrive and feel fulfilled. Due to their creative and entrepreneurial nature, these careers fall under three main categories that best suit the ENTP personality: business and technology, arts and design, and science and engineering.
ENTPs in Business and Technology
As a result of their debating nature, ENTPs prioritize knowledge through rational thought and insight. They are highly analytical and like to explore all sides of a situation or idea in order to fully comprehend it.
This skill is useful when it comes to dissecting ideas or concepts to learn how best to utilize them or even improve a situation. As a result, many ENTPs do well in business or legal settings as well as careers centered on technology.
However, since they are an extroverted personality type with an affinity for humanitarianism, it is not uncommon to find ENTPs in social or group settings within these careers or working jobs that focus on helping others, such as training or consulting.
Here are some of the top ENTP jobs within this category:
- Product manager
- Training manager
- Relationship manager
- Operations manager
- Advertising sales
- Software developer
- Systems analyst
- Business consultant
- Financial planner
- Computer programmer
- Public relations specialist
ENTPs in Arts and Design
The highly creative and innovative nature of an ENTP often drives some to careers in arts and design where they are free to explore the possibilities of a project to their satisfaction. These individuals are known for being visionaries in any work setting and constantly thinking of new ideas and ways to express themselves.
However, since the ENTP personality still tends to lean more towards the rational than emotional, many will choose creative jobs that are a bit more structured or tech-focused versus ones that are purely expressive, such as music or art.
They also prefer careers where they can work independently on a job and be a part of a larger creative group for inspiration and discussion.
Here are some of the top ENTP jobs within this category:
- Game designer
- Film producer
- UX designer
- Creative director
ENTPs in Science and Engineering
The final field in which you are likely to see ENTPs is science and engineering, for reasons similar to those discussed in the “business and technology” section.
An ENTP’s analytical and inquisitive nature often allows them to prosper in science and engineering careers as they will enjoy the process of learning how something works, why it works that way, and how they can improve it.
Another benefit of these careers is that they are highly collaborative and typically very hands-on, which ENTPs enjoy. However, the settings can be quite structured and bogged down with routine, in which case an ENTP will struggle to remain innovative and creative within their environment’s confines.
On the other hand, if the ENTP is in charge of their environment, they are more likely to enjoy their careers as it allows them to pursue their interests however they please.
Here are some of the top ENTP jobs within this category:
- Environmental scientist
- Political researcher
- Market researcher
For those of you who identify as an ENTP or are simply curious about the most influential ENTPs you might know, here is a list of 15 of the most famous ENTPs:
- Theodore Roosevelt: 26th President of the United States
- Catherine the Great: Empress of All Russia from 1762 until 1796
- Thomas Edison: American inventor and businessman
- Socrates: Athenian philosopher
- Tom Hanks: American actor
- Leonardo da Vinci: Italian artist, engineer, inventor, and architect
- Benjamin Franklin: United States Founding Father, writer, politician, scientist, and inventor
- Alexander the Great: King of Macedon, Autocrat of Greece, King of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt
- Gene Wilder: American actor
- Benedict Cumberbatch: English actor
- Stephen Colbert: American comedian and talk show host
- Voltaire: French writer, historian, and philosopher
- Celine Dion: Canadian singer
- Sir Walter Raleigh: English courtier and explorer
- Babe Ruth: American professional baseball player
As individuals, ENTPs are a significant asset to any work or group setting due to their inquisitive and creative nature.
They are even more beneficial and pleasant to be around when the individual has worked on their lesser cognitive functions, Fe and Si to be more emotionally aware of others, so they don’t come off as insensitive in conversation.
Once they have mastered this, they are champions of innovation and socialization in nearly any setting.
ENTP: The Debater (Extroverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving)
ENTP is one of the 16 different personality types identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. People with this personality type are often described as innovative, clever, and expressive. ENTPs are also known for being idea-oriented, which is why this personality type has been described as "the innovator," "the visionary," and "the debater."
ENTPs are less interested in the here-and-now details than they are in generating ideas and theories. Because of this, they sometimes tend to come up with one idea after another without actually going forward with plans and actions to bring their creative notions into fruition.
According to psychologist David Keirsey, the creator of the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, ENTPs are known as Rational Inventors. He suggests that the Rational personality type is rare, accounting for around five to 10% of the population.
Key ENTP Characteristics
- ENTPs enjoy interacting with a wide variety of people. They are great conversationalists and love to engage other people in debates.
- They are more focused on the future rather than on immediate details. They may start projects and never finish them because they are so focused on the big picture rather than the present needs.
- ENTPs enjoy being around other people, particularly if they are able to engage in a conversation or debate about something in which they are interested. They are usually fairly laid-back and easy to get along with. However, they can sometimes get so wrapped up in their ideas or plans that they lose sight of their close relationships.
- They tend to reserve judgment. Instead of making a decision or committing to a course of action, they would prefer to wait and see what happens.
- ENTPs are immensely curious and focused on understanding the world around them. They are constantly absorbing new information and ideas and quickly arriving at conclusions. They are able to understand new things quite quickly.
- One common myth about ENTPs is that they love to argue simply for the sake of arguing. While people with this personality type are often willing to play the devil's advocate at times, they enjoy debates as a way of exploring a topic, learning what other people believe, and helping others see the other side of the story.
Can be argumentative
Dislikes routines and schedules
Does not like to be controlled
Based upon Carl Jung's theory of personality, the MBTI categorized personality types by their cognitive functions (intuition, thinking, sensing, and feeling) which can then be directed outwardly (extroverted) or inwardly (introverted).
The hierarchical organization of these functions is what establishes each individual's primary pattern of behavior. The dominant function is the most prominent, although it is supported by the auxiliary function. The tertiary function has less of an influence, while the inferior function tends to be an area of weakness.
Dominant: Extroverted Intuition
- ENTPs tend to take in information quickly and are very open-minded.
- Once they have gathered this information, they spend time making connections between various complex and interwoven relationships.
- They are good at spotting connections that others might overlook and tend to be focused on possibilities.
- They have entrepreneurial minds and are always coming up with new and exciting ideas.
Auxiliary: Introverted Thinking
- This cognitive function is expressed in the ENTPs thinking process. People with this type of personality are more focused on taking in information about the world around them. When they do use this information to reach conclusions, they tend to be very logical.
- ENTPs are logical and objective. When making decisions, they place a greater weight on rational evidence instead of subjective, emotional information.
- This function works to help the ENTP understand all the information that comes in through the extroverted intuition function. This involves imposing logic and order to help make sense of many disparate ideas and pieces of information. ENTPs don't want to just understand that something works - they want to understand the why and how behind how things function.
Tertiary: Extroverted Feeling
- As a tertiary function, this aspect of personality may not be as well-developed or prominent.
- When developed, ENTPs can be social charmers who are able to get along well with others.
- When this aspect of personality is weaker, the ENTP may be insensitve to others and can even be seen as aloof or unkind.
Inferior: Introverted Sensing
- The introverted sensing function is centered on understanding the past and often applying it to current experiences and future concerns.
- This is often a point of weakness for ENTP personalities. They are often focused more on possibilities and may fail to consider how past precedents may help predict outcomes.
- ENTPs also tend to overlook many of the more mundane details of daily life, especially if they are deeply involved in a project or plan.
ENTPs You Might Know
- Thomas Edison, inventor
- John Adams, U.S. President
- Walt Disney, filmmaker
- Julia Child, cook
- Alexander the Great, King and military leader
Since they are identified as extroverts, it may come as no surprise that ENTPs have very good people skills. They are skilled communicators and enjoy interacting with a wide circle of family, friends, and acquaintances. In conversations, other people often find them quick-witted.
ENTPs will often engage in debates simply because they enjoy having a good battle of the wits. Sometimes, their love of debates lead ENTPs to take on the role of the devil's advocate, which can sometimes lead to conflicts with others who feel like they are being intentionally combative and antagonistic.
Routines and boredom are not good for the ENTP personality. They are non-conformists and do best in jobs when they can find excitement and express their creative freedom. ENTPs can be successful in a wide range of careers, as long as they do not feel hemmed in or bored.
As debaters with great communication skills, careers in law can offer the challenge and diversity that ENTPs crave. Jobs in the business world that combine the ENTPs rationality, creativity, and natural leadership abilities can also be very rewarding.
Tips for Interacting With ENTPs
ENTPs are great at getting along with people no matter what their personality type. While they are usually laid-back, they can be quite competitive. If you are friends with an ENTP, be careful not to get into the habit of trying to out-do each other. Be aware of their love for debates and be careful not to escalate good-natured discussions into combative arguments.
ENTPs have a fun-loving nature and are excited to share their sense of wonder with their children. Parents with this personality type are supportive, but they have a tendency to try to turn every situation into a learning opportunity.
Parents of ENTP children should be aware that their children may seem argumentative at times, it stems from their natural love for discussion and debate. They may also seem inconsistent at times, being warm and affectionate in one moment and then withdrawing in the next as they become wrapped up in new ideas. Parents should encourage their children to focus on goals and finish the things that they start.
In intimate relationships, ENTPs can be passionate and exciting. They are warm, loving, and good at understanding their partner's needs. You may find that they may struggle to follow through on promises that they have made, which can be a source of frustration at times.
Be aware of your ENTP partner's need for spontaneity. You can help balance your partner's impulsiveness by helping them work toward their goals with enthusiasm and practicality.
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ENTPs do effectively handle most types of life challenges. So, they still function when they have a certain amount of stress hanging over them. ENTPs tend to thrive when they face difficulties, and they tend to see challenges as new opportunities to learn and grow as people.
However, when an ENTP can no longer approach overwhelming amounts of stress with this mindset, then they start experiencing problems. These issues start occurring when the ENTP undergoes a substantial amount of stress that would be overwhelming for just about anybody else. When people experience too much pressure, they go into their shadow functions, which makes them act very abnormal. While it can take a lot of stress to cause an ENTP to do this, they are still capable of becoming overwhelmed and acting abnormally.
To help you understand how ENTPs act when they are in their shadow functions, we’ll first take some time to explain the standard features of a healthy ENTP.
#1 ENTPs and the Extraverted Intuition Function
The primary cognitive function of an ENTP is called Extraverted Intuition, also known as Ne. ENTPs see the world using their extraverted intuition, meaning they can comprehend many various possibilities when they see a problem. That means ENTPs are excellent critical thinkers, and they can see all sides of the situation. ENTPs can comprehend a lot of things that other people might not see as quickly as they do.
Another thing the ENTP’s extraverted intuition does when it’s healthy provides the ENTP with an odd, silly sense of humor. ENTPs do enjoy making others laugh, especially when they are happy themselves.
#2 ENTPs and the Introverted Thinking Function
The next most crucial function used by ENTPs is known as Introverted Thinking or Ti. ENTPs use this aspect internally to consistently examine their environment so they can make sense of their surroundings. They use this information to create a web of information in their head, networking the way the world works. Since this is an introverted function, ENTPs typically have a difficult time explaining to other people the way they make logical maps in their heads. However, this is what they do to make sense of the world when they are healthy.
#3 ENTPs and the Extraverted Feeling Function
ENTPs use Extraverted Feeling, or Fe as their extraverted feeling function. Most ENTPs learn how to use this function as they age, so younger ENTPs aren’t as good at using this function as older ENTPs. Extraverted feeling deals with how the ENTP handles emotions, and as the age, ENTPs learn how to understand other people’s emotions. They become more empathetic as they age, and it helps them demonstrate their charisma around others. ENTPs, as they age, start learning how to say the right things to people, and they also know how to make people react and respond the way they want them to after time.
#4 ENTPs and the Introverted Sensing Function
The fourth function that ENTPs rely on is known as Introverted Sensing or Si. However, most ENTPs never fully develop this function, so it couldn’t be considered one of their strengths. However, they do nevertheless possess this skill. Introverted sensing relies on remembering issues from the past, including routine, society, and what feels normal. However, this function never fully develops in ENTPs because they have a strong desire to try new things. ENTPs are not always happy bogged down in a routine, so they have conflicting issues with their Extraverted Intuition mixing with their Introverted Sensing. When an ENTP is stressed out, however, you may start noticing their Introverted Sensing function appear in their actions more than usual.
#5 The Strengths of an ENTP Personality
ENTPs are incredibly energetic and enthusiastic people when they are happy. Most people are drawn to their charisma and magnetism, two characteristics that usually make ENTPs excellent leaders. ENTPs are always interested in trying new things, so if they think a significant change is needed somewhere, they have no problems pushing for that. The healthy ENTP is also interested in focusing on self-improvement, and they don’t enjoy just staying as they are. To an ENTP, one of the most important things you can do in life is to grow and become a better person. ENTPs are very good at seeing all sides of a situation, and they can comprehend concepts that many other people find stressful.
#6 When an ENTP Experiences Stress
When an ENTP gets stressed out, then his or her shadow functions will start to emerge. You’ll notice them relying more on Introverted Sensing, something we mentioned above. Stress can make the ENTP feel overwhelmed and make them act differently. They don’t enjoy the minute details of things since they tend to see the bigger picture when they scrutinize life. When there are too many details, it can become difficult for the ENTP to get anything accomplished. During this type of situation, an ENTP will often shut down.
While under stress, ENTPs also act sensitively to hearing any criticism about themselves. While you may not be used to them working emotionally, they can start using their feelings too much when they are overly stressed. ENTPS also wind up acting when they are stressed out, and they tend to overindulge in things like drinking, overeating, exercising, or any type of task that can take their mind off of things. It can be challenging to get them to break these habits when they feel overwhelmed.
#7 When an ENTP Uses Their Shadow
When ENTPs are healthy, they tend to rely on their dominant function, which is usually their Ne. However, when they become overly stressed, they start using their shadow function, which is Ni. An ENTP in shadow won’t use the normal mind road maps and patterns to figure out the way life works. Instead, when an ENTP is stressed out, he or she will abnormally use hunches or emotions to figure things out, and they aren’t very successful at doing this. When ENTPs are in this mode, they follow their gut feelings and look for theories that resemble paranoia instead of their usual logical thought process.
ENTPs in their shadow mode question things regularly, and then second guess themselves, which often prevents them from getting anywhere. As such, people can find them toxic to be around when they are stuck in a rut like this. That’s because ENTPS will start doubting their friends, families, and loved ones in ways that seem abnormal when they are using their shadow function.
The ENTPs auxiliary function shifts from Ti to Te when they are in shadow, moving them into extraverted thinking. When an ENTP is healthy, he or she tends to look for information to process and facts to analyze, acting logically rather than relying on emotions. However, when an ENTP is in shadow, they’ll start looking at other ways to get down to the truth. When they stop analyzing the world in their usual way, they can become overly harsh and blunt when they talk to others. They’ll start acting aggressively to try and move things along. When in shadow, ENTPs have difficulty learning from the mistakes they make, and instead, they become obsessed with a fear of failure. They will get extremely frustrated if things don’t go well. So, they’ll start acting impatiently with others, and they won’t be as empathetic to friends and family.