Rafa narcos

Narcos season 4 cast: Who plays Rafa? Who is Rafael Caro Quintero?

Narcos Mexico: Tenoch Huerta as Rafa (Image: Netflix)
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Narcos: Mexico teased in Netflix's brand new trailer

Narcos: Mexico dropped in one go last Friday (November 16) on Netflix. The series is a reboot of the previous three seasons of Narcos which took place in Colombia and charted the rise of drug lord Pablo Escobar. This time around the action takes place in Mexico and follows the Guadalajara Cartel and its leader Félix Gallardo (played by Diego Luna).

WARNING: This article contains spoilers for Narcos: Mexico

Félix Gallardo’s two top associates the Guadalajara Cartel were Ernesto ‘Don Neto’ Fonseca and Rafael ‘Rafa’ Caro Quintero.

Don Neto is played by Joaquín Cosío in the Netflix series.

Rafa is played by Tenoch Huerta.

HOW WAS FELIX GALLARDO CAUGHT?

Narcos Mexico: Tenoch Huerta as Rafa (Image: Netflix)

Who is Rafael Caro Quintero?

Rafael ‘Rafa’ Caro Quintero, 66, is a Mexican drug trafficker who founded the Guadalajara Cartel with Félix Gallardo.

Following the death of DEA agent Kiki Camarena (Michael Peña), Rafa was arrested as part of DEA manhunt Operation Leyenda.

He was freed from jail on August 9, 2013 after a state court concluded that he had been tried improperly.

He is currently a wanted fugitive.

In the Netflix series, Rafa is described as an “innovative, albeit unpredictable, marijuana grower who helps Félix change the game in structure and product”.

WHERE IS NARCOS SEASON 4 FILMED?

Narcos Mexico: Tenoch Huerta as Rafa (Image: Netflix)
Narcos Mexico: Tenoch Huerta as Rafa (Image: Netflix)

Who is actor Tenoch Huerta?

Tenoch Huerta is a Mexican actor from Mexico City.

He has appeared in a number of movies in Latin America and Spain starring in both feature films and short films.

He appeared in Cary Joji Fukunaga's film Sin Nombre in 2009 in the role of Lil' Mago.

He has also starred in Debris, Tigers Are Not Afraid and Blue Demon.

HOW MANY EPISODES ARE IN NARCOS SEASON 4?

Narcos Mexico: Tenoch Huerta as Rafa (Image: Netflix )

Speaking about casting, Narcos showrunner Eric Newman said: “Sometimes on set, we’d have Mexican actors who were coming in for a (small) part, and they’d be sort of overwhelmed by the star power of our Mexican cast.

“When you have Diego Luna, Joaquín Cosío, Tenoch Huerta and José Yazpik all in one scene, it’s like Mexican Ocean’s 11.

“So if you’re the guy that’s playing the police chief or whatever, you’re a little like, ‘Wow, I got four of the

biggest stars of Mexico in one scene with me.’”

Narcos: Mexico is currently streaming on Netflix

Sours: https://www.express.co.uk/showbiz/tv-radio/1048068/Narcos-season-4-cast-Mexico-who-plays-Rafa-Tenoch-Huerta-actor-Netflix

Rafael Caro Quintero

Mexican drug lord

In this Spanish name, the first or paternal surname is Caro and the second or maternal family name is Quintero.

Rafael Caro Quintero
Rafael Caro Quintero - FBI Most Wanted Poster (cropped4).png
ChargesDrug Trafficking
Reward$20,000,000
Alias"El Narco de Narcos"
“El Príncipe”
“R1”
Born (1952-10-03) October 3, 1952 (age 69)
La Noria, Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico
OccupationFarmer, drug lord, trafficker
Penalty40 years (28 years served)[1]
StatusWanted by PGR, DEA for extradition to the US
AddedApril 12, 2018
Number518
Currently a Top Ten Fugitive

Rafael Caro Quintero (born October 3, 1952) is a Mexicandrug lord who co-founded the now-disintegrated Guadalajara Cartel with Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo and other drug traffickers in the late 1970s. He is also the founder and current suspected leader of the newly formed Caborca Cartel based in Sonora. He is also the brother of fellow drug trafficker Miguel Caro Quintero, the founder and former leader of the defunct Sonora Cartel.

Having formed the Guadalajara Cartel in the 1970s, Caro Quintero worked with Gallardo, Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, and Pedro Avilés Pérez by shipping large quantities of marijuana to the United States from Mexico. He was responsible for the kidnapping of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena, Camarena's pilot Alfredo Zavala Avelar, the American writer John Clay Walker, and dentistry student Alberto Radelat in 1985. After the murders, Caro Quintero fled to Costa Rica but was later arrested and extradited back to Mexico, where he was sentenced to 40 years in prison for murder.[1] Following his arrest, the Guadalajara Cartel disintegrated, and its leaders were incorporated into the Tijuana Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel, and Juárez Cartel.

Caro Quintero was freed from jail on August 9, 2013, after a state court concluded that he had been tried improperly. However, amid pressure from the United States' federal government to re-arrest him, a Mexican federal court issued an arrest warrant against Caro Quintero on August 14. Caro Quintero is still wanted for his previous affiliation with drug trafficking and involvement in the 1985 murders. He remains at large, as a wanted fugitive in Mexico, the United States, and several other countries. The United States is offering a $20 million bounty for his arrest, the highest such value of all fugitives currently listed in FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.

Caro Quintero lost his final appeal to avoid extradition to the United States on March 27, 2021.

Early life[edit]

Rafael Caro Quintero was born in the community of La Noria, Badiraguato, Sinaloa, on October 3, 1952.[3] His parents, Emilio Caro Payán and Hermelinda Quintero, had twelve children; he was the oldest son. His father worked in agriculture and grazing, and died when Caro Quintero was 14 years old. With his father's absence, he worked alongside his mother to take care of his family.[4]

At the age of 16, he left La Noria and settled in Caborca, Sonora, where he worked in livestock grazing.[5] Two years later, he worked as a truck driver in Sinaloa.[6] He also worked at a bean and corn plantation in Sinaloa before deciding to leave his home state altogether to join the drug trade in the neighboring state of Chihuahua.[7]

Criminal career[edit]

When he was a teenager, Caro Quintero allegedly began to grow marijuana on a low scale, at the ranch owned by his brother Jorge Luis. In less than five years, Caro Quintero managed to buy several other ranches in the surrounding areas and began to amass larger amounts of money and influence.

He is said to have first worked for the drug traffickers Pedro Avilés Pérez and Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo before forming the Guadalajara Cartel with Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, and others in the late 1970s.[6][7][8] He has been cited as a pioneer of the drug trade in Mexico and has been described as one of the pre-eminent drug traffickers of his generation.[9][10]

Personal information[11][edit]

Date(s) of Birth UsedOctober 24, 1952 / October 3, 1952 / November 24, 1952

October 24, 1955 / November 24, 1955 / March 9, 1963

Place of BirthBadiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico
HairGray (Formerly black)
EyesBrown
Height6'0"
Weight159-170 pounds
SexMale
NationalityMexican
Language(s)Spanish
RaceMixed (Mestizo)
RemarksCaro-Quintero is known to frequent the area of Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico.

Caro-Quintero also has previous ties to Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, and Costa Rica.

Allegations of involvement in murders[edit]

John Clay Walker and Albert Radelat[edit]

Caro Quintero has been accused of ordering the abduction, torture, and murder of writer John Clay Walker and dentistry student Albert Radelat on January 30, 1985. According to the allegations, the two Americans were dining in a Guadalajara restaurant when they encountered Caro Quintero and his men as they accidentally walked into one of Caro Quintero's private parties.

Caro Quintero is alleged to have then ordered his men to seize the Americans and take them to a store room, where they were tortured with ice picks and interrogated. John Walker died on the scene from blunt force trauma to the head. Albert Radelat was still alive when he was wrapped in tablecloths, taken to a park near the city, and buried.[12][13] The men's bodies were found six months later buried at the San Isidro Mazatepec Park in Zapopan. The authorities believe that Caro Quintero had mistaken Walker and Radelat for U.S. undercover agents.[13][14]

Enrique "Kiki" Camarena[edit]

Caro Quintero has also been accused of involvement in the murder of US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena Salazar. In November 1984, the Mexican authorities raided a 1,000-hectare (2,500-acre) ranch known as El Búfalo in the state of Chihuahua, owned by Caro Quintero.[5] The authorities reportedly burned more than 10,000 tons of marijuana – totaling a loss of around $160 million.[13][15] Camarena, who had been working undercover in Mexico, was said to be responsible for leading the authorities to the ranch. This allegedly prompted Caro Quintero and other high-ranking members of the Guadalajara Cartel to seek revenge against the DEA and Camarena.[16] In retribution, Camarena and his pilot Alfredo Zavala Avelar were kidnapped in Guadalajara on February 7, 1985, taken to a residence owned by Quintero located at 881 Lope de Vega in the colonia of Jardines del Bosque, in the western section of the city,[17] brutally tortured, and murdered.[18] Caro Quintero then left Mexico on March 9, 1985 with his associates and his girlfriend Sara Cristina Cosío Gaona.[13] Former Mexican Judicial Police chief Armando Pavón Reyes, after receiving a $300,000 bribe, reportedly allowed Caro Quintero to flee from the airport in Guadalajara, in a private jet, to seek refuge in Costa Rica. The police chief was fired shortly afterward, and was charged with bribery and complicity in the Camarena murder.[19]

Philanthropy[edit]

Locals from Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Caro Quintero's hometown, recall that Caro Quintero was a benefactor in the area in the 1980s. The town's mayor, Ángel Robles Bañuelos, said in a 2013 interview that Caro Quintero financed the construction of a 40-kilometre-long (25 mi) highway in Badiraguato and helped electrify the area. The mayor recalled that before the highway was built, it would take days for people to travel in and out of Badiraguato.[20]

Arrest and aftermath[edit]

On April 4, 1985, Caro Quintero was arrested in his Alajuela, Costa Rica mansion, while sleeping, just 800 metres (1⁄2 mi) from the Juan Santamaria International Airport and extradited to Mexico on charges of involvement in Camarena's murder.[22][23] He was sentenced to 40 years for the murder of Camarena and other crimes.[24] The US also hopes to try Caro Quintero, and the DEA still has him listed as a wanted fugitive.[25]

Caro Quintero was first imprisoned at the Federal Social Readaptation Center No. 1 maximum security prison Almoloya de Juárez, State of Mexico. Even though Caro Quintero was to face a maximum of 199 years in prison, Mexican law during that time did not allow for inmates to serve more than 40.

In 2007, he was transferred to another maximum security prison, known as Puente Grande, in the state of Jalisco. In 2010, a federal judge granted him the right to be transferred to another prison in Jalisco.[26]

Caro Quintero's Guadalajara Cartel fell apart in the early 1990s, and its remaining leaders went on to establish their own drug trafficking organizations: in Tijuana, a large family formed the Tijuana Cartel; in Chihuahua, a group controlled by Amado Carrillo Fuentes formed the Juárez Cartel; and the remaining faction moved to Sinaloa and formed the Sinaloa Cartel under the traffickers Joaquín El Chapo Guzmán and Ismael El Mayo Zambada. Caro Quintero's brother Miguel Caro Quintero succeeded him and formed the Sonora Cartel, which branched out of the Sinaloa organization.[28][29] The United States government believes that Caro Quintero ran his criminal empire behind bars through at least six of his family members, by creating a front that laundered millions of dollars through a gas station, construction company, shoe factory, restaurant, real estate development companies, among others.[30]

Release[edit]

In the early hours of August 9, 2013, a tribunal ordered the immediate release of Caro Quintero after he had served 28 years in prison.[22] After a motion by Rosalía Isabel Moreno Ruiz, who is a state judge and magistrate[31] the Jalisco state court ruled that Caro Quintero was tried improperly in a federal courtroom for crimes that should have been treated at a state level: when Caro Quintero was given his 40-year sentence in the 1980s, he was convicted for murder (a state crime) and not for drug trafficking (a federal one).[32][A 1] The magistrate ordered Caro Quintero's release after he had served time for other crimes he had committed throughout his reign as leader of the Guadalajara Cartel.[34]

The release of Caro Quintero outraged the administration of U.S. President Barack Obama; the United States Department of Justice said they were "extremely disappointed" with the drug lord's release and stated that they were going to pursue Caro Quintero for pending charges in the United States.[35] The Association of Former Federal Narcotics Agents expressed their disappointment, too, but stated that Caro Quintero's release was a result of the corruption that besets Mexico's judicial system.[36] Mexico's Attorney GeneralJesús Murillo Karam also expressed his concern vis-à-vis the case, stating that he was "worried" about Caro Quintero's release and that he would investigate whether additional charges were pending in Mexico.[37]

On August 14, 2013, a federal court granted the Office of the General Prosecutor (Spanish: Procuraduría General de la República, PGR) an arrest warrant against Caro Quintero after the United States government issued a petition to the Mexican government. Once the Mexican authorities re-arrest Caro Quintero, the U.S. government has a maximum limit of 60 days to present a formal extradition request.[38] Mexico's Attorney General clarified, however, that if arrested, Caro Quintero cannot be extradited to the United States for the murder of Camarena, because Mexican law prohibits criminals from being tried for the same crime in another country. U.S. lawyers, nonetheless, may argue that Caro Quintero's initial trial was illegitimate in the first place and that double jeopardy is not applicable. In order for Caro Quintero's extradition to be accepted by Mexico, the United States has to present other criminal charges and accept that he would not face the death penalty if convicted, because there are no laws for capital punishment in Mexico.[39]

Following Caro Quintero's release from prison on August 9, he has not been seen in public.[40] There were rumors, however, that he had paid a visit to his hometown of Badiraguato, Sinaloa.[41]

On March 7, 2018, the Mexican military used Black Hawk helicopters to search for Caro Quintero, dropping Marines into the mountain villages of La Noria, Las Juntas, Babunica, and Bamopa, all in the Badiraguato Municipality, but their hunt was unsuccessful.[42] Caro Quintero is among the 15 most-wanted fugitives of Interpol. If arrested abroad, he will be immediately extradited to Mexico.[43][44] The US government is offering a $20 million bounty for his capture.[45][46]

At the time of the arrest of Caro Quintero's cousin Quintero Navidad in the U.S. state of California in 2017, it was acknowledged Navidad had become an associate of Sinaloa Cartel leader Ismael Zambada-Garcia, a.k.a. El Mayo.[47] On May 1, 2019, Caro Quintero's longtime associate Ezequiel Godinez-Cervantes was arrested for violating his parole.[48] In January 2020, Caro Quintero's nephew Ismael Quintero Arellanes was arrested in Mexico on drug and weapons charges.[49][50]

On May 26, 2020, Caro Quintero's lawyer filed for an appeal to drop not only more recent drug trafficking charges, but also charges filed against him in 2015 regarding the kidnapping and qualified homicide of DEA agent Enrique “Kiki” Camarena and Mexican pilot Alfredo Zavala Avelar, stating Caro Quintero did not have any chance of obtaining the financial resources needed to survive a new trial.[51][52] In court documents, the lawyer stated “The plaintiff argues insolvency, because he says he is more than 60 years old, is neither retired nor has a pension, and given the fact that he is a fugitive from the law, cannot work or perform any activity to earn money.”[52] The appeal was filed before the First Collegiate Court in Criminal Matters in Mexico City.[51] Convicted former Guadalajara Cartel leader Ernesto Fonseca, “Don Neto”, is accused of conspiring with Caro Quintero in the murder of Camarena and the pilot, but was later transferred to house arrest due to his advanced age.[51]

In June 2020, it was revealed that Sinaloa Cartel's Los Salazar affiliate was now a major figure in Sonora's drug trafficking business.[53] However, both Rafael and Miguel Caro Quintero had recently rejected offers to join the Sinaloa Cartel due to a fallout with the sons of imprisoned former leader Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán over leadership status.[53] Despite this, both were said to be on good terms with de jure Sinaloa Cartel leader Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada, who was now in poor health.[53] Ex-DEA agent Mike Vigil continued to downplay Caro Quintero's role in the drug trafficking business and stated that "He will fall before he dies of old age."[53]

A Mexican court dismissed suggestions that the murder of Enrique Camarena was purely a Mexican affair and opened the door to extradiction on 1985 murder charges of the former DEA agent on March 27, 2021.

Proceso interview[edit]

On July 24, 2016, while still on the run, Caro Quintero gave an interview to Proceso magazine.[54] In this interview he claims he did not kill Enrique Camarena. He told the reporter that after his release from prison, he was visited (separately) by "El Chapo" Guzman and Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada. He claims he told them he did not want to return to the business. He also told the reporter that he was no longer a drug trafficker, and peace was the only thing he desired.

Huffington Post interview[edit]

Huffington Post journalist Anabel Hernández visited Caro Quintero in his home in Mazatlán, Mexico in April 2018.[55] Despite having security guards, Caro Quintero was no longer able to live the lavish lifestyle he had when he was a major drug lord, was now living in a shabby mountain home, and appeared to be aging and frail.[55] During the interview, he rehashed that he wanted to be left in peace and that he also spends his days looking for drones.[55] He also revealed that he was suffering from an ill prostate and was not speaking to his wife Diane or any of his children.[55] He also denied allegations of being a senior leader in the Sinaloa cartel or being active in the drug trade.[55] Former DEA agent Mike Vigil, who previously led the DEA international operations and was highly active in investigating Mexican drug operations,[56] described Caro Quintero as "a shell" of his former self and stated that it was "ludicrous" to look into allegations that he might have leadership in the Sinaloa Cartel.[55] Vigil even stated "Right now, we don’t have any information that he is actually working with anybody."[55] It was acknowledged that Caro Quintero's cousin Sajid, who was arrested by US authorities in October 2017 and pled guilty to charges of drug trafficking and money laundering in a California courthouse on January 25, 2018,[55] may have started these allegations in order to make a deal with prosecutors.[55]

In popular culture[edit]

Caro Quintero is portrayed in Narcos: Mexico by Tenoch Huerta Mejía.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^Though DEA agent Enrique Camarena Salazar worked for the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, he did not hold a "diplomatic post". If he did, his murder would have been considered a federal crime under Mexican law.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abVeteran drug lord still trafficking after prison release, US Treasury says. Reuters. May 11, 2016.
  2. ^"¿Quién es Rafael Caro Quintero?". Milenio (in Spanish). August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  3. ^(subscription required)"Caro Quintero según Caro Quintero". Proceso (in Spanish). April 23, 1988. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  4. ^ abGalarza, Gerardo (August 10, 2013). "1985, el año que se desató el narco". Excélsior (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  5. ^ ab"¿Quién es Rafael Caro Quintero?". Terra Networks (in Spanish). August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  6. ^ ab"Rafael Caro Quintero: uno de los pioneros del narcotráfico en México". CNNMéxico (in Spanish). Turner Broadcasting System. August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  7. ^"Treasury Sanctions Mexican Traffickers Tied to Camarena Murder". Drug Enforcement Administration. July 12, 2013. Archived from the original on July 4, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  8. ^Wilkinson, Tracy (August 9, 2013). "Convicted killer of DEA's 'Kiki' Camarena freed from Mexican prison". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  9. ^Strange, Hannah (August 9, 2013). "Mexican drug lord who ordered hit on US agent Enrique Camarena freed on appeal after 28 years". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  10. ^"RAFAEL CARO-QUINTERO". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  11. ^United Press International (June 18, 1985). "Two Bodies Unearthed in Mexico Forest". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  12. ^ abcdAguilar Camín, Héctor (May 2007). "Narco Historias extraordinarias". Nexos (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  13. ^Ramírez Yáñez, Jaime (August 9, 2013). "La caída de Rafael Caro Quintero". El Economista (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  14. ^Seper, Jerry (March 5, 2010). "Brutal DEA agent murder reminder of agency priority". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  15. ^Lieberman, Paul (May 23, 1999). "Agents Say Mexico Officials Stymied Raid : Camarena trial: Prosecutors alleged that destroying more than 10,000 tons of marijuana enraged drug cartel prompted them to seek revenge against DEA". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  16. ^"The death house on Lope de Vega", MGR - the Mexico Gulf Reporter, 2013
  17. ^Tobar, Hector (December 13, 1989). "Drug Lord Convicted in Camarena's 1985 Murder : Narcotics: He draws a prison term of 40 years. A Mexican judge sentences his "enforcer" and 23 others in the U.S. drug agent's killing". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  18. ^Manning, Carl (August 13, 1986). "Former police commander convicted of bribery". The Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  19. ^García, Joan (August 13, 2013). "Edil pinta al narcotraficante Caro Quintero como benefactor". Excélsior (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  20. ^ abMosso, Rubén (August 9, 2013). "Ordenan libertad inmediata de Caro Quintero". Milenio (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  21. ^Fausset, Richard (June 12, 2013). "Decades after a Mexican kingpin's arrest, his fortune echoes". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  22. ^"Lanza DEA alerta para detener a Caro Quintero". Proceso (in Spanish). December 13, 2012. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  23. ^"DEA Fugitive: CARO-QUINTERO, Rafael". Drug Enforcement Administration. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  24. ^"Perfil: Rafael Caro Quintero". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  25. ^García, Carolina (October 8, 2009). "La historia de Kiki, Caro Quintero, y el listón rojo". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 12, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  26. ^Grayson, George W. "Mexico and the Drug Cartels". Foreign Policy Research Institute. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  27. ^"Treasury Sanctions the Network of Drug Lord Rafael Caro Quintero". United States Department of the Treasury. June 12, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  28. ^Magistrada que liberó a Caro Quintero, ahora abre puerta a 'Don Neto'. David Saúl Vela. El Financiero. April 3, 2017.
  29. ^"US Angry Over Release Of Mexican Drug Lord". NPR. August 11, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  30. ^Cawley, Marguerite (August 15, 2013). "Mexico Files for Arrest of Released Capo at US Request". InSight Crime. Archived from the original on August 16, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  31. ^"Rafael Caro Quintero, infamous Mexican drug lord, ordered released after 28 years in prison". CBS News. August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  32. ^Weissentein, Michael (August 11, 2013). "Rafael Caro Quintero Released: U.S. Angry Mexico Sets Free Drug Lord Who Killed DEA Agent". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  33. ^McVeigh, Karen (August 11, 2013). "US 'deeply concerned' over freeing of Mexico drug lord Rafael Caro Quintero". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  34. ^Jackson, David (August 11, 2013). "White House protests release of Caro Quintero". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  35. ^"Juez concede orden de detención contra Caro Quintero". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). August 14, 2013. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  36. ^Baker, Peter (August 14, 2013). "U.S. Seeks Arrest of Mexican Kingpin Who Was Freed in American's Murder". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  37. ^Weissentein, Michael (August 14, 2013). "US Formally Requests Re-Arrest of Freed Drug Lord". ABC News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  38. ^Zúñiga, Carlos (August 12, 2013). "Caro Quintero no está en Badiraguato: alcalde". Milenio (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  39. ^Wilson, T.E. "Reports of human rights abuses in Sinaloa as Black Hawk helicopters hunt for Rafael Caro Quintero". Lapoliticaeslapolitica.com. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  40. ^"Búsqueda de Caro Quintero se extiende a 190 países". Univision (in Spanish). October 1, 2013. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
  41. ^"Caro Quintero, en la lista de los 15 delincuentes más buscados por la Interpol". Proceso (in Spanish). December 16, 2013. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
  42. ^"Narcotics Rewards Program: Rafael Caro-Quintero". www.state.gov. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013.
  43. ^"The FBI Has Announced a $200 Billion Reward for a Fugitive Mexican Drug Lord". Time. April 13, 2018.
  44. ^https://mx.usembassy.gov/32270-2/
  45. ^"Associate of Rafael Caro-Quintero arrested on supervised release violations". www.dea.gov.
  46. ^"Mexico arrests nephew of drug lord Rafael Caro Quintero". AP NEWS. January 30, 2020.
  47. ^"Mexico arrests nephew of drug lord Rafael Caro Quintero". ABC News.
  48. ^ abc"Explica .co – Latest news from around the world". www.explica.co.
  49. ^ ab"Mexican drug lord Rafael Caro Quintero pleads poverty in bid to escape arrest". May 28, 2020.
  50. ^ abcdde 2020, PorJuliana Fregoso24 de Junio. ""Va a caer antes de que muera de viejo", la advertencia de Mike Vigil a Caro Quintero, "el Narco de Narcos"". infobae.
  51. ^"Borderland Beat: Interview of Caro Quintero I did not kill Enrique Camarena" Video, updated". www.borderlandbeat.com. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  52. ^ abcdefghiHernández, Anabel (April 4, 2018). "One Of The DEA's Most Wanted Drug Traffickers Pleads To Be Left In Peace" – via Huff Post.
  53. ^"A retired DEA agent dishes on his years spent infiltrating Mexican and Colombian cartels". The World from PRX.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Caro_Quintero
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Photo: Courtesy of Netflix.

I refused to admit Rafael Caro Quintero, the co-founder of the Guadalajara Cartel, was a villain until episode 7 of Narcos: Mexico, when Rafa brutally murders two American tourists during a paranoid, cocaine-fueled delusion. And yet, because I am a susceptible mortal, about 2% of me was still was charmed by Rafa (in my defense: I amnottheonlypersonthirstyforRafa). It's all thanks to Tenoch Huerta, who spins Quintero into a drug-addled Byronic hero with a knack for botany and the ability to seduce women with a single glance. Simply put, Rafa is one of the Narcos' franchise's most magnetic characters.

While so much of Narcos: Mexico follows the chase between Guadalajara Cartel founder Felix Gallardo (Diego Luna) and Kiki Camarena (Michael Peña), the dogged DEA agent on his trail, Rafa is an essential part of the story — and he's an essential part of the real history that went into the making of Narcos: Mexico, too.

How did Rafael Caro Quintero get involved in the trafficking business?

By the time we meet him in Narcos: Mexico, Rafa is fully incorporated into Sinaloa’s trafficking world, along with Gallardo and Ernesto “Don Neto” Fonesca Carillo (Joaquín Cosio). According to the real DEA agent James Kuykendall, who wrote the book O Plata O Plomo? about his time as in Guadalajara in the ‘80s, Caro Quintero was “a true product of the Sinaloa drug traffic and the personification of the Sinaloa drug trafficker.” For context, Elaine Shannon provides a picture of the quintessential “Sinaloa drug trafficker” in her book Desperados: “They traveled around Guadalajara with platoons of guards armed with automatic weapons, and with suitcases full of cash they bought whatever caught their fancy. They lived like clannish people, marrying cousins, entertaining one another with raucous and violence parties, settling scores with impulsive savager.”

Caro Quintero was very much of this world. Caro Quintero was born in October 3, 1952 in Sinaloa, and was the eldest son in a family of 12 children. His entire family was wrapped up in the drug world — seriously. Caro Quintero’s father was killed in a drug dispute. Afterwards, eldest son Caro Quintero began growing marijuana to support his family. When he eventually became a cartel kingpin, Caro Quintero’s brothers and sisters worked for him (his brothers in San Diego packaged and sold marijuana from his fields). Caro Quintero also partnered with his maternal uncles, Juan Jose and Emilio Quintero-Payan. To complete the circle, Caro Quintero was married to Maria Elizabeth Elenes Lerma, the daughter of a trafficking family.

By the time he was 29, Caro Quintero was a “rising star in the Mexican underworld.” He, along with Fonseca Carrillo and Gallardo, led the Guadalajara Cartel.

Did Caro Quintero invent the sinsemilla strain?

Not quite. According to the book Desperadoes by Elaine Shannon, growers in California and Oregon had already invented the potent strain of marijuana that grew without seeds. Caro Quintero, however, implemented this “boutique” strain on a grand scale. He partnered with Ernesto “Don Neto” Fonesca to create gigantic fields of sinsemilla in Mexico's isolated northern deserts.

Was Caro Quintero's affair with Sofia Conesa (Tessa Ia) real?

In the show, Rafa is consumed by a torrid love affair with Sofia Conesa, the daughter of a privileged family. Together, they plan a kidnapping so they can be together without her family’s surveillance. Her father, a minister for Mexico's PRI political party, threatens to expose the entire Guadalajara Cartel unless she’s returned.

This segment is inspired by a real affair, the facts of which are shrouded in legend. Caro Quintero met 17-year-old Sara Cosio, the niece of the then-president of PRI, in a Guadalajara nightclub in 1985. According to the book Mexican Postcards, that’s all we know for sure. Cosio’s actual feelings for Caro Quintero remain unclear. However, Caro Quintero really did kidnap Cosia on a night out, and a manhunt really did ensue. Later, after Camarena’s murder, Caro Quintero fled Guadalajara and took Cosio with him to San Jose, Costa Rica on a jet. While there, Cosio called home, and the phone was traced. When the DEA burst into their bedroom, Cosio told the agents she’d been “kidnapped” and identified her lover as Caro Quintero.

Caro Quintero’s love wasn’t limited to just Sara. He was known for being a real womanizer. As he explained to Playboy Magazine, “I always live in love. I love them all, because I was born of a woman.” After Gilberto, Don Neto’s son, was murdered, Quintero had an affair with his widow, Sylvia Fernandez.

Currently, Caro Quintero is married to Diana Espinoza Aguilar, whom Caro Quintero met in prison in 2010. They have a five-year-old son. Caro Quintero also had four children with his first wife.

Did Caro Quintero murder those two American tourists?

Narcos: Mexico is punctuated by scenes of Rafa’s unspooling. Once he starts using cocaine, he unravels. At one point, Rafa murders two American tourists in a restaurant. That incident, unfortunately, is based in reality. In 1985, John Clay Walker, a writer, and Albert Radelat, a dentistry student, were dining at the same Guadalajara restaurant that Caro Quintero was hosting a private party. Caro Quintero, likely mistaking Walker and Radelat for undercover agents, allegedly ordered the men's torture and murder.

As part of the DEA’s Operation Leyenda, a task force created to solve Camarena’s death, five people were indicted in the murders of Walker and Radelat in 1989, including Caro Quintero and Fonseca Carrillo. Camarena was murdered a week after Walker and Radelat’s deaths.

Did Caro Quintero order Kiki Camarena’s death?

To be clear, no one really knows who in the Guadalajara Cartel ordered Camarena’s kidnapping. In the show, it’s clearly Caro Quintero, still furious over the DEA and Mexican Army’s raid of the Rancho Bufalo marijuana fields in 1984.

Narcos: Mexico showrunner Eric Newman explained his creative decision to place blame Caro Quintero. “We believe Gallardo was too smart to [to kidnap him] on his own — and Rafael Quintero had ordered his abduction without consulting Gallardo because the government needed to know what he knew,” Newman told Entertainment Weekly.

Caro Quintero has denied orchestrating the murder. "No, no, no, I didn't order, kidnap, or murder señor Camarena," Caro Quintero told Proceso magazine in 2016.

Where is Caro Quintero now?

He's a man on the run. Caro Quintero was arrested in 1985 and sentenced to 40 years in prison for orchestrating the murder and torture of Kiki Camarena. Then, in 2013, he was released on a legal loophole. The court ruled that Caro had been improperly tried in a federal court, though his crime was a state offense. A few days after he was freed, a Mexican judge issued another arrest warrant. By then, Quintero was on the run.

According to an interview in the Huffington Post, Quintero is transient: “Hunted by Mexican and American authorities, he never sleeps in the same spot twice, according to his guards. His bed is a sleeping bag, his roof the canvas of a tent. During the day, he haunts the mountains like a ghost, his head perpetually craned toward the sky, scanning for the drones that search the impassable mountains for signs of life.”

Caro Quintero says he has given up trafficking and wants to be left alone. “I’m not involved in any such problems and less involved in a war. I’m struggling to fix my problem. Imagine, with almost 29 years in prison, would I want more trouble? I want peace,” Quintero said in an in-depth interview with Proceso magazine.

But it’s likely he won’t be getting any. In April 2018, Caro Quintero was placed on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. Despite Caro Quintero's statement indicating otherwise, the newly issued wanted notice states that Caro Quintero holds “an active key leadership position directing the activities of the Sinaloa Cartel." The U.S. State Department is offering $20 million for information leading to his arrest.

Sours: https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/2018/11/217804/rafael-caro-quintero-now-jail-release-2018-narcos-season-4

Fugitive Mexican drug lord says he has no money in legal appeal

Rafael Caro Quintero, a fugitive Mexican drug lord who is on the FBI’s most wanted list for the murder of a federal agent in 1985, has said in a legal appeal that he has no money, is too old to work and has no pension.

The odd plea was filed on Tuesday by Caro Quintero’s lawyers, who are seeking an injunction against his arrest or extradition to the United States for the kidnapping and murder of Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) special agent Enrique Camarena in Mexico in 1985.

The court papers state: “The plaintiff argues insolvency, because he says he is more than 60 years old, is neither retired nor has a pension, and given the fact that he is a fugitive from the law, cannot work or perform any activity to earn money.”

Caro Quintero was convicted of ordering the death of Camarena, who disappeared from street in Guadalajara while walking to meet his wife for lunch. His body was found a month later with signs of extreme torture.

Caro Quintero served 28 years of a 40-year sentence before being freed from prison in August 2013 on administrative grounds.

His release infuriated the US government, and less than a week later a Mexican judge issued a warrant for his rearrest, but by then he had already gone underground.

In 2016, US officials said that Caro Quintero remained active in the drug trade and added his wife, Diana Espinoza Salazar, to its list of drug traffickers.

The treasury’s Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) said that Espinoza Salazar met the accused drug trafficker in prison and became an integral part of Caro Quintero’s ongoing operations.

OFAC said that Caro Quintero “has continued to engage in drug trafficking activities since his release”.

The United States is offering a $5m reward for information leading to Caro Quintero’s recapture.

Sours: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/29/rafael-caro-quintero-mexican-drug-lord-no-money-appeal

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